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 Local Notables

 A I B I C I D I E I F I G I H I I-J I K I L I M I N I O I P I Q-R I S I T I U-V I W I X-Z


Allen, Betty March 17, 1930 – June 22, 2009
Opera Singer (Born Campbell, OH)
Ms. Allen's mother died when she was 12 and she went into foster care. She attended both South High School and Rayen High School, where she graduated in 1944. She sang in choirs but her talent was not recognized until she attended Central State University on a language scholarship. One of her professors was an operatic tenor and encouraged her to do postgraduate studies at the Hartford School of Music. Conductor Leonard Bernstein chose her to sing his Jeremiah symphony at Tanglewood in 1951 and she later won the Marian Anderson Award and a Whitney fellowship. She has performed with every major U.S. orchestra and all over the world, hailed for her beautiful mezzo-soprano voice. Her interest in inner-city youth led her to become director of the Harlem School of the Arts in 1979. Later, she served as President Emeritus of their Board of Directors.  Throughout her life she sat on the Boards of many cultural institutions in New York City, including Carnegie Hall, New York City Opera, the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, the Theater Development Fund, and the Manhattan School of Music. (Current Biography 1990; Vindicator 10-16-1960, 2-5-1977; New York Times 8-19-1973 D-13, New York Amsterdam News 4-12-2001, Obit New York Times 6-26-2009)

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Allen, Edward Joseph November 13, 1907 – January 6, 1990
Chief of Police (Born Erie, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
Youngstown Mayor Charles P. Henderson appointed FBI officer Edward J. Allen as Youngstown police chief in 1948. Within 6 years, he had cleared the city of ties to organized crime by cleaning up the Youngstown Police Department; cracking down on gambling and prostitution; severing ties between local politicians and gangsters; and closing the Jungle Inn in Hubbard, “one of the biggest gambling dens in the Midwest”. In November 1950, he was featured in the Reader's Digest article “They Busted the Rackets in Youngstown.” In 1953, he left Youngstown to become director of enforcement for the Ohio Department of Liquor Control. From 1955 to 1972 he was police chief of Santa Ana, CA. After abortion was legalized in 1973, he was arrested twice for taking part in anti-abortion demonstrations. He wrote Merchants of Menace – The Mafia: A Study of Organized Crime in 1962. (Vindicator 4-17-85, 1-12-90; http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/1990_cr/h901125-tribute.htm

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Ames, Leon Kessling “Red” August 2, 1882 – October 8, 1936
Baseball Player (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Ames pitched for 17 seasons, including the 1905, 1911 and 1912 World Series. He played for the New York Giants (1903-1913), the Cincinnati Reds (1913-1915), the St. Louis Cardinals (1915-1919), and the Philadelphia Phillies (1919).
(Total Baseball, Business Journal Mid-January 2000)

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Arroyo, Harry 1957 -
Boxer (Born Youngstown, OH)
A graduate of South High School, Mr. Arroyo began amateur boxing at age 13 and won 8 regional Golden Glove titles. As a professional, he won 7 Golden Glove titles. He became the International Boxing Federation Lightweight champion by defeating Charlie “Choo Choo” Brown in 1984. He successfully defended his title in several bouts only to lose it a year later to Jimmy Paul. He is now involved with the Boxing Ministry whose aim is to bring Christianity to boxers. (Vindicator 4-16-1984, 2-20-1987, 2-19-2000, 5-12-2002; http://tainobox.com/fighters/article/153_0_5_0_M/ )

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Babich, Bob May 5, 1947 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Babich attended Campbell Memorial High School. Playing at Miami University of Ohio, he was named All-American and “won the Butkus Award as the nation's top collegiate linebacker.” He played for the San Diego Chargers (1969-1972) and the Cleveland Browns (1973-1978), but was forced to retire due to injuries. (Total Football II, Vindicator 5-26-98, Full Tilt to the NFL: Steel Valley Heroes by Ron Rotunno)

Bach, Catherine March 1, 1954 –
Actress (Born Warren, OH)
Catherine Bach is the daughter of Norma Jean Kucera (née Verdugo), an acupuncturist, and Bernard Bachman, a rancher. Her mother was of Mexican descent and her father was of German ancestry. She is descended from the Verdugo family, one of California's earliest landed families.  Her family left Warren when she was a young child and moved to a ranch in South Dakota, where she graduated from Stevens High School (1970) in Rapid City, South Dakota.  She studied arts at UCLA where she supplemented her income by making clothes for friends and theatre groups.  In 1976 she married David Shaw, a step-son of Angela Lansbury.  The couple divorced in 1981. Bach married entertainment lawyer Peter Lopez in August 1990. They had two daughters, Sophia and Laura.  She is most widely known for her role as Daisy Duke in the television series, the Dukes of Hazzard.  Bach also played Margo Dutton in African Skies, and in 2012 she joined the cast of the television soap opera, The Young and the Restless.  She is well-known for her support of children.  In 1998 she and her husband Peter Lopez founded “C.O.A.C.H For Kids,” which provides free, mobile medical services for children and their families in low-income areas of Los Angeles County.  As a businessperson, Catherine Bach launched a line of jewelry and clothing, including popular denim products and the well-known “daisy dukes” shorts. (www.catherinebach.com; www.cbs.com)

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Baker, Floyd October 10, 1916 – November 16, 2004
Baseball Player (Born Luray, VA; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Baker was the starting shortstop with the newly formed farm team, the Youngstown Browns, in 1939 when he met his wife, Anne. Making Youngstown his home base, he played for the St. Louis Browns (1943-1944, 1944 World Series), the Chicago White Sox (1945-1951), the Washington Senators (1952-1953), the Boston Red Sox (1953-1954), and the Philadelphia Phillies (1954-1955). After his retirement, he was a scout and coach for the Minnesota Twins. (Total Baseball , Vindicator 2-16-1998, 11-17-2004)

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Bedell, Chester December 6, 1826 – September 1, 1908
Atheist (Born Sandystone, NJ; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Bedell professed that there was no God. Before his death he remarked “if there be a God or any truth in the Bible let my body be inhabited with snakes.” After his burial, the faithful reportedly placed snakes on the family gravesite in North Benton, OH.  There is now a bronze memorial at the gravesite. (Vindicator 9-2-1908)

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Beede, Dwight “Dike” January 23, 1903 – December 13, 1972
Football Coach (Born Youngstown, OH)
Coach Beede was the first football coach in Youngstown State University history. He started the football program in 1938, had his first undefeated season in 1941, and remained the football coach for 35 years. He is credited with creating the penalty flag now used at all football games. Unable to distinguish between the horn used for penalties and the whistle used to stop the play, he asked his wife, Irma, to sew squares of red and white cloth together. With a lead sinker for weight, the first penalty flags were tossed in Youngstown on October 17, 1941 at the Youngstown College-Oklahoma City game. Official Jack McPhee kept his flag and used it at the Ohio State-Iowa game after which the Big Ten adopted it. The NFL began using penalty flags in 1948. In 1957, he was named “Small College Coach of the Year” and “Ohio Tree Farmer of the Year”. He was inducted into the Helms Foundation Coaches Hall of Fame in 1966. Forced into mandatory retirement at age 70, he accidentally drowned a month later when he fell into the Little Beaver Creek, which ran through his Columbiana farm property. (Vindicator 4-24-1982, http://www.ysupenguins.net/football/beede.html , Ohio Magazine 12-1985, http://www.ysupenguins.net/football/pflag.html

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Bell, Ralph Ross aka Boots Bell January 22, 1933 – July 15, 1993
Radio Disc Jockey (Born Cleveland, OH)
Boots Bell was a legendary rock radio disc jockey whose influence was felt far beyond Youngstown.  He got his start in Fredonia, NY on WBUZ, coming to Youngstown in 1959 to join WHOT.  His unique voice and style made him one of the most popular radio personalities ever to work in the Mahoning Valley.  Success led to television work, most notably as the host of WYTV’s “TV Dance Party.”  Boots Bell worked for WNIO, WCFT, WNRB, and CD106.  His freelance work as Bell Productions included commercial spots nationwide.  Bell served as an instructor at YSU and gave many charitable appearances on the local Jerry Lewis Telethon, the Soap Box Derby, and the Trumbull County Fair.  Many still remember his famous radio sign-off: “Yes, indeed, doody-daddy.  Have yourself a happy!” (Vindicator 2-23-2012; 7-16-1993 [obit]; Congressional Record 10-7-1993; www.broadcastershalloffame.com)

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Bell, Robert “Kool” October 8, 1950 –
Bell, Ronald November 1, 1951 –
Musicians (Born Youngstown, OH)
The Bells lived in Youngstown until 1961, when the family moved to New Jersey. In 1964, Kool formed a rock group with his brother and friends, which became known as Kool and the Gang in 1969. Kool was the leader and bass player, while Ronald played the tenor saxophone and produced their first albums. They had three gold singles, but found their “funk” music fading in popularity as the disco craze started. A new band member and lead singer, J. T. Taylor, helped to change their sound and the group churned out hit records, including the widely popular Ladies Night, Too Hot, and Celebration. The group won a Grammy in 1979 for Open Season, when the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack on which it was included won Album of the Year. They were named Best Soul Group at the American Music Awards in 1981, 1983, 1984 and 1987.  In 1999 they formed KTFA Entertainment, Inc., a production and record company.  The group still performs throughout the world. (Contemporary Musicians, Rock Stars Encyclopedia, Vindicator 11-30-86, www.koolandthegang.com

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Benkner, Charlotte November 16, 1889 – May 14, 2004
World's Oldest Person (Born in Germany; resident of Mahoning County)
Mrs. Benkner was born in Germany and moved with her family to New York at age 6. She and her husband, Karl, were married for 56 years and had no children. After living in Tucson, she and her sister, Matilda O'Hare, moved to Glenellen Senior Suites and Villas-Lakeside, a retirement home in North Lima, OH. Her sister passed away in January 2004 at the age of 99. The Guinness Book of Records recognized Mrs. Benkner as the oldest person in the world on November 13, 2003. However, a woman from Puerto Rico offered proof that bumped her to second oldest on April 22, 2004. She died at the age of 114 and is buried in Peekskill, New York. (Vindicator 5-16-2004)

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Bennard, George February 4, 1873 – October 10, 1958
Minister/Composer (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Bennard is author and composer of the hymn The Old Rugged Cross. A 20-foot “old rugged cross” stands beside the lake in Lake Park Cemetery in Bennard's memory. He is buried in Reed City, MI. (Vindicator 2-22-59)

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Berry, Plimpton Ross “P. Ross” June 1, 1834 – May 12, 1917
Brick Mason, Stone Mason, Contractor (Freeborn Mount Pleasant, Westmoreland County, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
By the age of sixteen P. Ross Berry already had distinguished himself as an highly skilled brick mason in New Castle, PA.  There, he was hired by Lawrence County to undertake much of the brickwork for the new county courthouse.  After marriage in 1858, he and his wife Mary (nee Long) came to Youngstown, where he was contracted to build the Rayen School.  For the next half-century, P. Ross Berry oversaw the construction of some of the most beautiful and robust structures in Youngstown.  A partial list includes: the Opera House, the Reuben McMillan Public Library, the First Presbyterian Church, Mahoning County Courthouse, Youngstown City Jail, Governor Tod’s Mansion, the Parish of Saint Columba Church, and the Tod House Hotel.  Mr. Berry had a gift for style and form, and gained the admiration and respect of his employees, himself laying brick by hand until the end of his life. (Youngstown Vindicator, May 13, 1917 page 3 column 2 [obituary]; Vindicator, November 6, 2006; www.findagrave.com; www.mahoninghistory.org)

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Biggers, Earl Derr August 26, 1884 – April 5, 1933
Author (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Biggers attended Warren High School and was creator and editor-in-chief of the school's first magazine, The Cauldron . He is better known as the creator of the fictional detective Charlie Chan. His first Charlie Chan novel, The House Without A Key , was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post in 1925. He went on to write five more Charlie Chan novels, which were adapted for feature films, television, an animated series, and a comic book. (Contemporary Authors 153, Vindicator 4-5-36)

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Bilon, Michael Patrick (Pat) August 29, 1947 - January 27, 1983
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Bilon played the alien E.T. in E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial and played the part of “Little Pat” in Under the Rainbow . He was the smallest person in the Under the Rainbow cast, standing 2 feet 10 inches tall. (www.imdb.com , Vindicator 1-27-83)

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Blaney, Dave October 24, 1962 –
NASCAR Driver (Born Hartford, OH)
Mr. Blaney was the 1995 World of Outlaws champion. After four years in the Busch Series, he joined the Winston Cup circuit in 1999, where he drove Jasper Engines No. 77 Ford Taurus until 2003. He drove the No. 23 Bill Davis Dodge and, in 2004, briefly drove Richard Childress Racing No. 30 AOL Chevy. In 2005, he started driving No. 7 Jack Daniels Chevrolet, also for Childress. He returned to Bill Davis Racing in 2006, driving the No. 22 Dodge. In 2009, he drove No. 66 Toyota for Prism Motorsports. He currently drives No. 36 Chevrolet for Tony Baldwin Racing. He won the first pole of his career on February 21, 2003 at Rockingham and his second at the Nextel Open in Concord, NC on May 21, 2004. He and his father, Lou, became co-owners of the Sharon Speedway in 2002. He also owns a sprint car team on the O'Reilly World of Outlaws series. He currently lives in North Carolina. (NASCAR Encyclopedia; Vindicator 1-17-2002, 5-18-2003, 6-3-2003, 6-24-2004, 8-21-2004, 12-24-2005; www.daveblaney.com;   http://www.nascar.com/news/110117/dblaney-tbaldwin-11-cup-schedule/index.html)

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Bloomberg, Stuart 1949 –
TV Producer/Executive (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Bloomberg graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University and got a Master of Arts in cinema from the University of Southern California. He joined ABC television in 1978 as a program executive, and in the twenty years he worked for them developed such shows as The Wonder Years , Roseanne , Home Improvement , NYPD Blue , The Drew Carey Show and Who Wants to be a Millionaire . He worked his way up to chairman of ABC Entertainment before leaving. He now has a production deal with ABC and Touchstone Television. (Vindicator 6-4-2000, www.abcmedianet.com

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Bodine, Bill 1950 -
Songwriter (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Bodine attended Wilson High School and Youngstown State University's Dana School of Music. He’s considered to be one of the “founding fathers” of the YSU Jazz Program, and co-founded the Tony Leonardi Memorial Jazz Scholarship Fund. In1992 he won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Jazz Performance for co-writing Sassy, which appeared on the Manhattan Transfer album The Offbeat of Avenues. A bass player, he has toured with Cher, Joan Armatrading, Sergio Mendez, Van Morrision, and Frank Sinatra among others. He was Olivia Newton John's personal bass player and appeared on the Grease soundtrack. He wrote songs for Laura Branigan and Glen Frey, and has written and produced music for hundreds of television commercials. He was musical director for the television show Star Search and composed the theme songs for Judge Judy and America's Most Wanted. (Jambar 1-16-87; Vindicator 2-20-92, 5-1-94, 3-5-2000, 1-7-2001; http://www.brainchildreunion.com/bandbios/bios-billbodine.html , www.billbodinemusic.com

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Booker, Simeon, Jr. August 27, 1918 –
Journalist, Writer, Civil Rights Leader (Born Baltimore, MD) 
Simeon Booker is an award-winning African-American journalist whose work appeared in leading news publications for more than 50 years.  Born in Maryland, Booker moved with his family to Youngstown when he was five years old. There, his father opened a YMCA for African-Americans.  While a high school student in Youngstown, some of Booker's stories were published in the Baltimore Afro American, a prominent black newspaper.  In 1936 Booker graduated from South High School in Youngstown and then enrolled at Youngstown College, but transferred to Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia, when he learned that Black students were denied activity cards at the YMCA-sponsored school.  He earned money during college by providing publicity for Virginia Union's sports teams.  Booker returned to Youngstown during summer vacations and published articles about the Negro Baseball League games there.  Upon graduating with a degree in English, he took his first job with the Afro American. Booker later returned to Ohio and worked for the Cleveland Call and Post. Booker was offered a prestigious Nieman Fellowship at Harvard University in 1950–51.  In 1952 Booker became the first black reporter for The Washington Post.  Booker is best known for his Civil Rights era reporting for Jet and Ebony magazines. His coverage of the 1955 murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till in Mississippi and the subsequent trial is one of the most noted pieces of journalism from the era.  During his long career, Booker was recognized by his peers with numerous awards, including the Newspaper Guild Award and a Wilkie Award.  In 1982 he became the first African-American journalist to win the National Press Club's Fourth Estate Award for lifetime contributions to journalism.  Booker retired in 2007 at the age of 88, after serving as Jet's Washington Bureau Chief for 51 years.  On January 17, 2013, Booker was inducted into the National Association of Black Journalists' Hall of Fame.  On Sunday, December 8, 2013, Mr. Booker gave the commencement address at Youngstown State University’s Fall Commencement and received an honorary doctorate. Simeon Booker continues to inspire journalists who marvel at his commitment to the highest journalistic ethics, and for his exemplary record of courage and tenacity.  (Simeon Booker and Carol McCabe Booker. Shocking the Conscience: A Reporter's Account of the Civil Rights Movement. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2012; Youngstown Vindicator, June 9, 2013) 

 

Browner, Ross March 22, 1954 –
Football Player (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Browner attended the Western Reserve Academy in Hudson, OH before going to Notre Dame University (1974-1978). In his senior year, Notre Dame won the Cotton Bowl to become national champions and he won the 1978 Lombardi College Lineman of the Year award. He was a first round draft pick for the Cincinnati Bengals in 1978, where he remained until 1986. He also played for the Green Bay Packers (1987). (Total Football II , Vindicator 1-20-78)

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Burchfield, Charles E April 9, 1893 – January 11, 1967
Painter (Born Ashtabula Harbor, OH; resident of Salem, OH)
Mr. Burchfield's family moved to Salem when he was five, soon after the death of his father. He graduated from Salem High School in 1911 as class valedictorian. From 1912-1916 he attended the Cleveland School of Art and he began painting his signature watercolor landscapes in 1915. After serving as a camouflage artist during World War I, he settled in Buffalo, NY. He made a living designing wallpaper but was able to devote himself to painting when he acquired a dealer in 1929. In 1956, he was named Best U.S. Watercolorist by Time magazine. The Burchfield Homestead Society ( http://www.salemohio.com/burchfield/ ) has preserved his childhood home in Salem as the Burchfield Homestead Museum, which has been recognized by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. He also inspired the creation of the Burchfield-Penney Art Center ( http://www.burchfield-penney.org/ ) at Buffalo State College, which focuses on his work and that of other artists associated with western New York. (Vindicator 1-11-67, 12-11-83, 12-14-2002)

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Burns, George Henry January 31, 1893 – January 7, 1978
Baseball Player (Born Niles, OH)
“Tioga George” played first base for 16 years in the American League. He had a career batting average of .307 and was named the league's MVP in 1926. He played for the Detroit Tigers (1914–1917), the Philadelphia A's (1918– 1920, 1929, 1929 World Series), the Cleveland Indians (1920–1921, 1924–1928, 1920 World Series), the Boston Red Sox (1922– 1923), and the New York Yankees (1928). He batted in the winning run for Cleveland in the 6 th game of the 1920 World Series, which Cleveland won. He had an unassisted triple play against Cleveland in 1923 and was with the Philadelphia A's when they won the 1929 World Series. After his major league career, he was a baseball manager and became a deputy sheriff in Seattle. (Vindicator 3-16-1986, New York Times 1-8-1978, The Baseball Encyclopedia)

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Burt, Harry B. Sr. August 9, 1875 – May 8, 1926
Good Humor Inventor (Born Cortland, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
In 1920, Youngstown candy maker Harry Burt invented a new product: chocolate covered ice cream on a stick. Mr. Burt named his confection the Good Humor and promoted it by sending out a fleet of 12 chauffer-driven trucks, outfitted with bells, which became the first Good Humor trucks and Good Humor Men. He received a patent for his idea and sold franchises before his death in 1926. Harry Burt Jr. closed the family store, Burt's Confectionary, in 1929 when he moved the manufacturing plant to Brooklyn. The Good Humor fleet was so popular it inspired a 1950 movie called The Good Humor Man starring Jack Carson. Direct selling by Good Humor trucks ended in 1976 due in part to the oil crisis. Breyers Ice Cream now owns the Good Humor brand name. (Vindicator 5-10-26, 6-7-92, 4-23-95, 7-4-99; Metro Eye 7-94; http://www.icecreamusa.com/goodhumor/know.asp

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Burton, Pomeroy Sir August 21, 1869 – October 15, 1947
Businessman (Born Beaver, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
Born in Pennsylvania, Sir Burton's family moved to Nebraska to homestead in 1873. His father became a friend of William F. Cody, known as Buffalo Bill, whose cabin was nearby. The family moved back to Pennsylvania before coming to Youngstown in 1880. His father started a weekly newspaper and Roy worked there when not in school. Graduating from Rayen High School, he went to New York in 1885 and became either managing or news editor for the Brooklyn Eagle , the New York American , the Evening Journal , and the New York World . Lord Northcliffe lured him to London to manage several newspapers, and Burton bought the Daily Mail in 1913. With war approaching, he made speeches in America urging support of the British and, at Prime Minister Lloyd George's request, became a British citizen in 1914. He worked for the British government after the war, trying to improve relations with the United States. King George V knighted him in 1923. At one time, he owned the Salem News , the East Liverpool Evening Review , the Canton Repository , and the Alliance Review . (Vindicator 7-18-37, 8-6-76; New York Times 10-16-1947)

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Cafaro, William M. May 23, 1913 – April 22, 1998
Businessman (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Cafaro was a pioneer in the shopping center industry and a noted philanthropist. He started dealing in commercial real estate in the 1940's and established William Cafaro and Associates, which later became the Cafaro Company. Cafaro built strip malls (McGuffey Plaza, Lincoln Knolls Plaza) in the 1950's, and built enclosed malls (Eastwood Mall) in the 1960's in several states. Cafaro started developing the Southern Park Mall with the Edward J. DeBartolo Corp. but was bought out of the project. Mall openings continued through the 1980's, and William Cafaro's children, Anthony M., John J., and Flora joined the company. In the 1990's, the Eastwood Mall complex was expanded, including the building of an adjacent minor league baseball stadium for the Mahoning Valley Scrappers. The Cafaro Co. has consistently been among the top ten U.S. real estate developers, having developed over seventy commercial properties. Due to Mr. Cafaro's generosity, Youngstown State University was able to build Cafaro House, an honors dormitory. Youngstown Osteopathic Hospital was originally named the Cafaro Memorial Hospital and he received a lifetime achievement award for humanitarian service from the National Italian American Foundation. (Y– Cafaro, William M. & Associates folder, Vindicator 4-23-1998, New York Times 4-25-98)

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Calbreath , William H. July 29, 1850 - May 26,1944
Advertising Icon (Born Detroit, MI; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Calbreath, a local resident, was reputed to be the inspiration and original model for the image that appears on Cream of Wheat cereal boxes and advertising. He is buried at Belmont Park Cemetery. (Telegram 7-1-1927, Vindicator 5-27-1944)

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Campana, Al February 25, 1926 – April 7, 2009
Football Player (Born Hubbard, OH)
Mr. Campana attended Hubbard High School. He played football for Youngstown College from 1946 to 1949. After serving in the Navy for three years during World War II, he played for the Chicago Bears (1950-1952) and the Chicago Cardinals (1953). He was named team MVP in 1950. Retiring from football, he served as a teacher, coach, and administrator in the Struthers Schools. He was inducted into the YSU Athletics Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Trumbull County Hall of Fame in 2003. (Total Football II, Vindicator 3-28-82; 4-11-2009 B3:2)

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Cavanaugh, Matt October 27, 1956 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Cavanaugh attended Chaney High School and was quarterback at the University of Pittsburgh (1974-1978, 1976 National Champions). He was named MVP of the 1976 Sugar Bowl. After college, he played for the New England Patriots (1978 –1982), the San Francisco 49ers (1983-1985, 1985 Super Bowl), the Philadelphia Eagles (1986-1989), and the New York Giants (1990-1991, 1990 Super Bowl). In 1993 he started his coaching career at the University of Pittsburgh. He coached quarterbacks for the Arizona Cardinals (1994-1995) and the 49ers (1996) and was offensive coordinator for the Chicago Bears (1997-1998) and for the Baltimore Ravens (1999-2004, 2001 Super Bowl). He was offensive coordinator for the University of Pittsburgh until 2008, then went on to become an Assistant Coach with the New York Jets. (Total Football II; Vindicator 1-23-2001, 1-27-2001; http://www.pittsburghpanthers.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/cavanaugh_matt00.html

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Clarke , John H. (Hessin) September 18, 1857 – March 22, 1945
Justice (Born Lisbon, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
Justice Clarke moved to Youngstown in 1878 to open his own corporate law firm. He was part owner of the Vindicator and served on the Board of Trustees of the Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning County. President Wilson appointed him to a federal judgeship in northern Ohio and two years later nominated him for the Supreme Court. He was a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1916-1922, where he promoted the break up of monopolies and the rights of workers. He resigned from the court to pursue American membership in the League of Nations and other activities related to world peace. In his will, he left the Youngstown library $100,000 for the purchase of books.(Ohio Almanac , The Supreme Court Justices,
Y – Clarke, John H . folder)

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Columbus, Chris September 10, 1958 –
Director/Writer/Producer (Born Spangler, PA; resident of Champion, OH)
Mr. Columbus attended John F. Kennedy High School in Warren and went on to study filmmaking at New York University. The first script he sold was Reckless, which was rewritten by others and made into a film in 1984. He wrote the scripts for Gremlins, The Goonies, and Young Sherlock Holmes. His directorial debut was the 1987 film Adventures in Babysitting, followed by Heartbreak Hotel, which he also wrote. His 1993 film, Mrs. Doubtfire, won a Golden Globe Award for Best Film (Musical or Comedy). He directed many other films, including Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, and has produced all of the Harry Potter movies as well. Most recently he produced a film adaptation of Neil Gaiman’s novel, The Graveyard Book.  (www.imdb.com , Current Biography 2001, Vindicator 11-30-86)

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Crosman, Henrietta Foster September 2, 1861 – October 31, 1944
Actress (Born Wheeling, WV; resident of Mahoning County)
Ms. Crosman's mother, Mary Wick Crosman, was born in Youngstown and the family eventually settled here. She was named after her maternal grandmother, a sister of composer Stephen Foster. When she was a baby, her family named Henrietta St. for her but the name has since been changed to North Ave. She performed in Youngstown theaters until she won her first New York stage part in The White Slave in 1883 and she had a string of successes in comedy roles starting with Mistress Nell in 1900. She acted in two or three plays each season, toured, and appeared in vaudeville before adding silent films to her repertoire beginning in 1914. Her first talking-picture role was the Royal Family of Broadway (1930). Her last film was Personal Property (1937) starring Jean Harlow, after which she returned to the theater for a few years before retiring. (Vindicator 11-1-1944, Who Was Who on Screen 3 rd ed., Notable American Women 1607-1950 , They Had Faces Then )

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Csonka, Larry December 25, 1946 -
Football Player (Born Stow, OH; resident of Columbiana County)
Mr. Csonka attended Stow High School and was an All-American at Syracuse University (1964-1968). He was the first round draft pick of the Miami Dolphins, contributing to their appearance in three Super Bowls (1971,1972, 1973). He was named the MVP of Super Bowl VIII (1973). He played for Miami (1968-1974), the World Football League's Memphis Southmen (1975), the New York Giants (1976-1978), and again for the Dolphins in 1979. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1987 in his second year of eligibility. He lives part time on his farm in Lisbon, OH where he has opened the Csonka Sports Complex. (Total Football II , http://www.larrycsonka.com , http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/member.jsp?player_id=50

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Cummings, Jim 1953 -
Voice Artist (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Cummings attended Ursuline High School and went to work at Youngstown Sheet & Tube for a short time after graduating. He did odd jobs in New Orleans before settling in Anaheim, California. He gave voices to Winnie-the-Pooh and Tigger in the animated television series The New Adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh , for which he won two Emmys. He continued his vocal work in such feature films as Pooh's Grand Adventure and The Tigger Movie . He can also be heard in Road to El Dorado , Aladdin , The Lion King , and Shrek and he's the voice of Cat on the Nickelodeon television series Catdog . (www.imdb.com , Vindicator 2-10-2000, 6-4-2000)

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Dabney, Stephanie 1958 –
Ballet Dancer (Born Philadelphia, PA; resident of Liberty, OH)
Ms. Dabney's family moved to Youngstown when she was 2. At age 4, her mother enrolled her at the Youngstown Academy and from 1970 to 1975 she danced with the Ballet Western Reserve. The founder and director of the Dance Theatre of Harlem, Arthur Mitchell, discovered her when she attended his master class. She was invited to New York, where she became an apprentice at the age of 16. Accepted into the company in 1977, she became a principal dancer and was noted for her performance as Firebird in the ballet of the same name. Her performance was broadcast on television as part of Kennedy Center Tonight. She has performed all over the world with the troupe and was part of the wedding performances for Prince Charles and Lady Diana, the 1981 Reagan inaugural, and the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. (Vindicator 2-7-82, 5-6-82, 4-3-86, 6-7-87; Youngstown Business Journal Mid-April 1986; Dance Magazine 12-2000, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/06/nyregion/06about.html?_r=1&scp=19&sq=trymaine%20lee&st=cse

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Darrow, Clarence April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938
Lawyer (Born Kinsman, OH)
Mr. Darrow lived in the Kinsman octagon house from ages 7 to 21. He was admitted to the Ohio Bar in 1878, after which he practiced law in Kinsman, Andover and Ashtabula, OH. In 1887 he moved to Chicago, where his reputation grew until he was one of the most famous lawyers in the country. Two of his most important cases were the murder trial of Leopold and Loeb and the Scopes “Monkey Trial”, which was the basis for the movie Inherit the Wind . His boyhood home is now on the National Register of Historic Places. (http://ohiobio.org/darrow.htm , Vindicator 4-22-2001)

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Davenport, Willie June 8, 1943 – June 17, 2002
Olympic Athlete (Born Troy, AL; resident of Howland, OH)
Mr. Davenport graduated from Howland High School, where he was named MVP at a 1962 district meet in Salem. He served with the U.S. Army in Germany and competed with the All Army team. He made the U.S. team for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and was ranked number one in the world for the high hurdles for several years. He won the gold medal for the 110-meter hurdles at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics. He also went to the 1972 Munich Olympics and the 1976 Montreal Olympics, where he won a bronze medal in the 110-meter hurdles. He became one of the few U.S. athletes to compete in both the summer and winter games when he made the four-man bobsled team for the 1980 Lake Placid Olympics. He and fellow bobsledder Jeff Gadley were the first African-Americans to ever participate in the Winter Olympics. He was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1991. He died of a heart attack in 2002. (Vindicator 5-1-1983, http://www.usolympicteam.com/62_12146.htm , Black Firsts , New York Times 6-19-2002, Great Athletes )

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DeBartolo, Edward J. May 17, 1909 – December 19, 1994
Businessman (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. DeBartolo was a pioneer in the shopping center industry. He started building houses in 1937 and by 1944 had founded the Edward J. DeBartolo Corp. He began constructing shopping centers in the 1950's, with the Boardman Plaza being one of the first. A plaza in Austintown was added in 1959, which is also when he bought his first horseracing track, Thistledown, near Cleveland. In 1968, he and William M. Cafaro started to develop the Southern Park Mall, but DeBartolo bought him out. He purchased a controlling interest in the San Francisco 49ers professional football team in 1970. One of his most significant honors was awarded in 1981, when he received the Order of Merit from the Italian government. In the 1990's, the company had financial difficulties because it built malls without bank financing and loaned money to Robert Campeau for his attempted takeover of the Federated Department Stores. In 1993, a combination of 51 malls and 11 shopping plazas went public as DeBartolo Realty Corporation in order to pay off debt. Edward J. DeBartolo died in 1994 and the company was divided between his children, Edward J. DeBartolo, Jr. and Denise DeBartolo York. (Y- DeBartolo, Edward J. Corp. folder, Y- DeBartolo, Edward J. Family folder, New York Times 12-20-94)

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DeMain, John January 11, 1944 –
Conductor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Graduating from Cardinal Mooney High School, Mr. DeMain won a scholarship to the Julliard School of Music. He was, at age 14, musical director for the Youngstown Playhouse and, as an adult, a piano soloist at the Youngstown Symphony. In 1972, he won the Julius Rudel award to be an apprentice conductor at the New York City Opera. Three years later he became director of the Texas Opera Theater, the touring division of the Houston Grand Opera. His recording of Porgy and Bess, which opened in Houston and went to Broadway, won him a Grammy for Best Opera Recording in 1977. He became principal conductor and music director in Houston, where he debuted Bernstein's A Quiet Place and Adam's Nixon in China. He was also music director of Opera Omaha and principal conductor of the Chautauqua Opera among others. Currently he is Music Director of the Madison Symphony and Artistic Director of the Madison Opera in Wisconsin. (Vindicator 4-2-1972, 6-4-2000; New Grove Dictionary of Opera; Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music)

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DiPiero, Bob March 3, 1951 –
Songwriter (Born Liberty, OH)
Mr. DiPiero attended Liberty High School and Youngstown State University's Dana School of Music. He helped form the Warner Reprise band Billy Hill in which he performed from 1989 to 1991. He has written over 13 chart-topping country music songs such as American Made sung by the Oak Ridge Boys, Take Me As I Am sung by Faith Hill, Little Rock and Till You Love Me sung by Reba McEntire, and Worlds Apart co-written and sung by Vince Gill. In his career, he has singly or jointly written over 1,000 songs. He was once married to country singer Pam Tillis, with whom he toured as a guitarist. In 2001, he released his first solo CD titled Laugh.  He is a board member with the Country Music Association and is a regular host of the CMA Songwriter Series.  (Vindicator 3-5-2000, 8-2-2001, 12-30-2001)

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Domhoff, G. William  August 6, 1936 –
Scholar (Born Youngstown, OH)
Domhoff is a retired professor of Psychology and Sociology at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where he spent most of his career teaching and researching.  He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology at Duke University, a Master of Arts degree in Psychology from Kent State University, and a Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of Miami.  He is highly regarded for his study of power elites and political economy, and has prepared additional scholarship on the scientific study of dreams.  He is the author of the controversial bestseller “Who Rules America,” his first book, now in its sixth edition. (http://www2.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/)

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Dotson, Bill 1948 –
Portrait Artist (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Dotson attended Rayen High School. Before he could be sent to Vietnam with his fellow Marines, he was injured in a car accident. He could not speak and his body cast prevented him from moving anything but his right hand and then only in a figure eight motion. Communicating by writing, he also started doodling, which developed his drawing technique. After recuperating, he worked at Youngstown Sheet and Tube and General Motor's Lordstown plant. His first commissioned portrait was in 1973. He has become famous for his pen and ink drawings of sports figures and celebrities, including Pope John Paul II, Paul Newman, Michael Jordan, Frank Sinatra, and Luciano Pavarotti. (Vindicator 8-26-86, 11-2-87, 2-14-88, 5-24-95; http://www.butlerart.com/Web_Shows/Black_Artist/dotson_bio.htm

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Dravecky, Dave February 14, 1956 -
Baseball Pitcher (Born Boardman, OH)
Mr. Dravecky played for Boardman High School, Youngstown State University, the Pittsburgh Pirates (1979-1981), the San Diego Padres (1982-1987, 1984 World Series) and the San Francisco Giants (1987-1989). Cancer was found in his left (pitching) arm in 1988. Ten months after surgery on that arm, he was pitching again for the Giants. Five days after his return, however, his arm snapped as he threw a pitch. The fracture healed and he was considering another comeback when his arm was broken again as the Giants converged to celebrate winning the 1989 National League pennant game. His left arm and shoulder were amputated because of cancer in 1991. He is now an author and lecturer. (Total Baseball, Cleveland Plain Dealer 6-20-91, http://www.davedravecky.com/

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The Edsels
This doo-wop group is best known for their 1961 hit, Rama Lama Ding Dong . The Edsels, comprised of George Jones Jr. (lead vocals), James Reynolds, Marshall Sewell, Harry Greene and Larry Greene, all hail from Campbell and Youngstown. The group was formed in late 1950's, and their hit song, composed by Jones, was originally released in 1959. It was re-released in 1961 and rose to number 21 on the charts, but by then the group had already broken up. See also the George "Wydell" Jones entry below. (Vindicator 1-30-96, 4-7-2001,
(http://www.artistdirect.com/music/artist/bio/0,,426647,00.html?artist=The+Edsels  

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Evans, William G. “Billy” February 10, 1884 – January 23, 1956
Baseball Umpire/Executive (Born Miami, FL; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Evans was a sportswriter for the Youngstown Vindicator in 1903 when the umpire for a baseball game did not appear. He umpired the game and did such a good job that he was soon umpiring regularly. In 1906, the American League made him the youngest major league umpire ever at the age of 22. “For 20 years… he was the best umpire in the American League.” He became general manager of the Cleveland Indians (1927-1935), farm team director for the Boston Red Sox (1938-1940), general manager of the Cleveland Rams football team (1941-1942), president of baseball's Southern League (1942-1946), and club vice-president and general manager of the Detroit Tigers (1946-1951). In 1973, he became the only person from Youngstown inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. (Vindicator 3-4-73, Business Journal Mid-January 2000, Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia )

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Firestone, Harvey S. December 20, 1868 – February 7, 1938
Businessman (Born Columbiana, OH)
Mr. Firestone graduated from Columbiana High School in 1887. He worked in the buggy industry before starting a tire company, which he sold before starting the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in Akron, OH in 1900. The company developed the pneumatic tire for the Ford Model T, non-skid treads, tractor and truck tires, and the balloon tire. The first practical tractor tires were developed at the testing center created at his Columbiana home. Firestone became one of the “big five” in rubber, along with Goodyear, Goodrich, US Rubber and Fisk. When a monopoly of natural rubber suppliers threatened supplies, Firestone partnered with Henry Ford to create rubber plantations in Liberia. In 1984, the original Firestone Homestead and farm buildings were moved to Greenfield Village, part of the Henry Ford Museum, in Dearborn, MI. The Harvey S. Firestone Park in Columbiana was named for him and he is buried there. His great grandson, Andrew Firestone, was featured on the television reality series The Bachelor . (Chamber Biographical Dictionary ; Encyclopedia of World Biography ; Harvey Firestone: Free Man of Enterprise )

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Fisher, Max July 15, 1908 – March 3, 2005
Philanthropist (Born Pittsburgh, PA; resident of Salem, OH)
Mr. Fisher was raised in Salem, OH and graduated from Salem High School in 1926. He went to Ohio State University on a football scholarship. He used his degree in business administration to turn his father's oil reclamation business in Detroit into Speedway, one of the largest gas stations chains in the Midwest. He sold his business and invested the profits to create his fortune, which he used for philanthropy and diplomacy. He has advised U.S. presidents and Israeli prime ministers and is the subject of the book Quiet Diplomat by Peter Golden. He founded the National Jewish Coalition and has served as advisor or board member of a dozen corporations, including Comerica and Sotheby's. He funded scholarships at Salem High School and donated $20 million to the OSU College of Business, which is now named after him. At the time of his death, his fortune was estimated at $775 million. (Lisbon Morning Journal 3-4-2005, http://fisher.osu.edu/about/the-max-fisher-story )

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Flynn, Joe November 8, 1924 - July 19, 1974
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Born and raised in Youngstown, Mr. Flynn had numerous roles on stage and television, including a television sitcom called Yer Old Buddy . He entered the race for a seat in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1952 but was defeated. Returning to acting, he first movie role was in Rear Window . Although he appeared in over 25 films, he is best known for his portrayal of Captain Wallace B. Binghamton on the McHale's Navy television series, which ran from 1962 to 1966. (Vindicator 7-20-74)

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Foster, Stan April 16, 1960 –
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Foster attended South High School and Ohio State University, where he quit pre-law to become an actor. He appeared in the films Wildcats, Project X, and Action Jackson. He portrayed Sgt. Marvin Johnson on the television series Tour of Duty, which aired from 1987 to 1990. He was also producer and screenwriter for the movies Tara and Woman Thou Art Loosed. (Vindicator 3-31-87, 6-7-87, 3-11-88, www.stanfoster.com/about-stan.php

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Foster, Stephen Collins July 4, 1826 – January 13, 1864
Composer (Family ties in Mahoning County)
Author and composer of such popular songs as Oh, Susanna , Camptown Races , Swanee River , and My Old Kentucky Home , Mr. Foster often visited his aunt, Mary Foster Struthers, when he was a boy. Mrs. Struthers was the wife of John Struthers, founder of Struthers, OH. (A Heritage to Share , American Songwriters )

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Freed, Alan December 15, 1922 – January 20, 1965
Disc Jockey (Born Johnstown, PA; resident of Salem, OH)
Mr. Freed was the first “disc jockey” and producer of rock and roll concerts and is credited with coining the term “rock and roll”. He began his career in radio at WKST in New Castle, PA and also worked at WKBN in Youngstown, WIBE in Philadelphia, WAKR in Akron, and WKEL and WJW in Cleveland. He was known for playing songs by the original black artists, which proved so popular that he promoted integrated concert bills at his Moondog Balls in Cleveland. He moved to WINS in New York in 1954, where he was the most popular disc jockey in the country and promoted such stars as Buddy Holly, Fats Domino and Jerry Lee Lewis. In 1963, he was convicted of accepting payola. In 1964, he was charged with income tax evasion but died before he could stand trial. (Rock Who's Who , The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll, Vindicator 9-26-96)

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Glass Harp
Keaggy, Phil March 23, 1951 – (Born Youngstown, OH)
Pecchio, Dan (Born Youngstown, OH)
Sferra, John (Born Howland, OH)
Glass Harp was formed in 1968 while Keaggy and Sferra were still in high school. They released three albums and were the opening act for such groups as Traffic, Yes, The Kinks, Alice Cooper and Ted Nugent. Keaggy, on Musician Magazine 's list of “top guitarists of the 20th century”, left the band for a successful solo career in contemporary Christian music. Sferra also went solo and backed Keaggy on some of his later work. Pecchio played bass with the Michael Stanley Band. The band reunites for local concerts and teamed up with the Youngstown Symphony Orchestra for a recorded concert in 2000. (Business Journal Mid-October 2000, Vindicator 10-22-2000, Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music, Contemporary Musicians )

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Goldston, Ralph February 25, 1929 – July 9, 2011
Football Player (Born Campbell, OH)
Mr. Goldston attended Campbell Memorial High School, played at Indiana University for a year, and then transferred to Youngstown College. He was the first African-American player with the Philadelphia Eagles when he made the team in 1952. After spending 1953 in the military, he returned to the Eagles for the 1954 and 1955 seasons. He played for the Canadian Football League's Hamilton Tiger Cats (1956-1964) and Montreal Alouettes (1965), and then coached for Harvard University, the University of Colorado and the Chicago Bears. He was also a scout for the New York Giants, New York Jets, New England Patriots, and the Seattle Seahawks. (Total Football II;  http://www.campbell.k12.oh.us/Alumni/HallOfFame/Hof/1stClass/ralphgoldston.htm , Vindicator 7-9-75, 3-16-78, 10-16-98, 7-14-2011[obit])

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Green, William, Jr. 1923 – June 16, 2011
Attorney (Waycross, GA; resident of Mahoning County)
Abandoned by unknown parents in Georgia, he was adopted by travelers William Green, Sr. and his wife during their return trip to Youngstown.  Mr. Green graduated from East High School in 1941 and then served in the U.S. Army during WWII.  After the war he returned home and earned a law degree from Youngstown College School of Law.  During his 50-year career as trial attorney he specialized in criminal law, personal injury, and domestic relations.  Attorney Green also served as State Examiner, Assistant County Prosecutor, Chief Prosecutor of the City of Youngstown, and Assistant Law Director with City of Youngstown.  He was appointed by Governor Jim Rhodes to the Ohio Civil Rights Commission, and was a member of numerous local and national organizations. (Vindicator 6-21-11)

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Grohl, Dave January 14, 1969 –
Musician (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Grohl was born in Warren and lived in Niles until age 4. His father, a journalist, moved them to Columbus where he worked on Senator Taft's campaign. The family eventually settled in Alexandria, VA. In 1990, Dave became the drummer and background vocalist for the grunge rock band Nirvana, where he remained until the suicide of lead singer Kurt Cobain in 1994. Later that year, he recorded a solo album where he played virtually everything on it. Not wanting to start a solo career, he formed a new band to support the album with himself as lead singer and guitarist. The band and the album were called Foo Fighters.  As of 2012, Mr. Grohl has won twelve Grammy awards, one with Nirvana and eleven with Foo Fighters.  In 2009 Grohl was given the key to the city of Warren during a ceremony dedicating a downtown alley named after him. In March 2013 Grohl gave the keynote address at the South By Southwest Music and Media Conference and Festival http://sxsw.com/dave-grohl-keynote-live-webcast-presented-npr (Vindicator 8-1-2009; 2-13-2012, http://www.foofighters.com http://www.fooarchive.com/features/clevelanddealer03.htm)

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Hall, Gus October 8, 1910 – October 13, 2000
Union Leader/Communist (Born Virginia, MN; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Hall was an active member of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee of the CIO, and was involved in the Little Steel Strike of 1937. He resigned to become more involved with the Communist Party, running unsuccessfully for Youngstown city council and for Ohio governor on the Communist ticket. He became General Secretary of the American Communist Party in 1950 and was imprisoned for five and a half years for “conspiring to teach and advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.” He ran for the U.S. presidency on the Communist ticket in 1972, 1976, 1980, and 1984. (Current Biography 1973, 2001)

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Hamilton, Edmond Moore October 21, 1904 - February 1, 1977
Author (Born Youngstown, OH)
As one of the earliest writers of science fiction, Mr. Hamilton introduced the concepts of programmed robots, intergalactic travel, galactic civilizations, cosmic radiation, and the Earth being controlled or destroyed by outer space aliens. He was the creator of what is now called “space opera”. In 1967, he was elected to the First Fandom Science Fiction Hall of Fame. He was the brother of local newspaper columnist Esther Hamilton. (Vindicator 2-2-77, Contemporary Authors NR84)

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Hamilton, Esther August 8, 1897 – May 9, 1989
Journalist (Born New Castle, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
In 1921, Miss Hamilton joined the staff of the Youngstown Telegram where she earned her reputation covering big trials and getting exclusive interviews. When the Vindicator bought out the Telegram in 1935, Miss Hamilton moved her Around Town column to the Vindicator. She retired to Florida in 1970, but continued her Sunday Around Town column until November of 1987. Her brother was science fiction writer Edmond Moore Hamilton. (Vindicator 5-9-89, 5-10-89)

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Harris, David William "Bill" aka Barney Bean April 10, 1929 - June 21, 2008
Newscaster, Children's TV Program Host (Born Hubbard, OH)
Mr. Harris was educated at Boardman High School and Youngstown State University and became a newscaster.  He was well-known for his influence on the local children's television scene.  For several years during the 1960s and 1970s he hosted the Barney Bean Show, broadcast on WYTV-TV Channel 33, with Harris performing the role of Barney Bean.  The show featured a live audience of local children engaging in various activities and games supplemented by comedic routines by Barney Bean and his sidekick Sherwood, a dummy.  Harris was a gifted ventriloquist. (Vindicator 6-23-2008 page B2 col 5; Kubik, Maraline. "What Changed Kids' TV?" Vindicator 3-7-2002).

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Hartman, Elizabeth December 23, 1943 - June 10, 1987
Actress (Born Youngstown, OH)
Ms. Hartman made her motion picture acting debut in the 1965 film A Patch of Blue with Sidney Poitier. Her performance as the blind girl, Selina D'Arcy, earned her a Golden Globe award and an Academy Award nomination. She appeared in The Group , You're A Big Boy Now , The Fixer , The Beguiled , Walking Tall, and Full Moon High. She was also the voice of Mrs. Brisby in The Secret of NIMH . Suffering from depression, she committed suicide by jumping out of her fifth-floor Pittsburgh apartment window. (Vindicator 6-11-87, www.imdb.com )

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Henke, Shirl 1943 -
Romance Writer (Born St. Louis, MO; resident of Mahoning County)
Ms. Henke came to Youngstown in 1970 when her husband got a teaching job at Youngstown State University. She also taught at the university before quitting to become a full-time writer. Her first novel, Golden Lady , published in 1986, won the Romantic Times Best New Western Author award. She writes with collaborator Carol Reynard and now lives in Adrian, MI.
(Vindicator 2-7-87, http://www.shirlhenke.com/ )

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Hirschbeck, John September 7, 1954 –
Baseball Umpire (Born Bridgeport, CT; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Hirschbeck and his brother, Mark, are the only brothers ever to be umpires in major league baseball. John started out as an umpire in the Florida State League. While working for the Puerto Rico Winter League he met his future wife, Denise, a native of Poland, OH, where they settled. He worked his way up to the majors, the American League, in 1984. He umpired the 1989 All-Star game and the 1995 World Series. On September 27, 1996, he called a third strike on the Baltimore Orioles' Roberto Alomar at a game in Toronto. They argued and Alomar spat in his face causing a national incident. It was made worse by Alomar's claim that Hirschbeck's judgment had suffered since the loss of his oldest son, John Drew, to a rare disorder, adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). Alomar apologized and has since become a generous donor to ALD research. In 1999, the Major League Umpires Association told the umpires to resign as a negotiation ploy. Hirschbeck and others fought it and formed a new union, the World Umpires Association, which was recognized in 2000. Hirschbeck was elected president, a position that he still holds. Another son, Michael, also has ALD and his wife and two daughters are carriers. They have formed the John Hirschbeck Memorial Fund in memory of their son. (Vindicator 11-4-1986, 3-2-2000, 5-16-2000; http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/mlb/team/mlb_team_umpires_bio.jsp?id=2450, New York Times 12-24-2004)

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Holtz, Lou January 6, 1937 –
Football Coach (Born Follansbee, WV; resident of East Liverpool, OH)
Mr. Holtz graduated from East Liverpool High School and Kent State University, playing football at both. He is the only coach in NCAA football to reach bowl games with six different schools and to lead four different schools to rank within the top 20. He started his coaching career at William and Mary, and then moved on to North Carolina State. After a brief stint with the New York Jets, he coached at the University of Arkansas and the University of Minnesota. He then rebuilt the Notre Dame football team, winning the 1988 National Championship, and stayed for 11 years. He became a television commentator after he retired in 1995, but returned to coaching in 1999, leading the University of South Carolina to bowl victories. In 2000, both Football News and American Football Coach Quarterly named him National Coach of the Year. The Lou Holtz/Upper Ohio Valley Hall of Fame in East Liverpool is named in his honor. (Vindicator 1-14-1998, 7-7-1998;  http://uscsports.collegesports.com/sports/m-footbl/mtt/holtz_lou00.html
 http://www.louholtzhalloffame.com/honorees/98/index.htm  )

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Human Beinz
Formed in Youngstown, this rock group was comprised of Richard Belley, Ting Markulin, Mel Pachuta, and Mike Tatman. Originally named The Human Beings, they found their name changed by their record company, Capitol Records, after they signed in 1967. They scored a top ten hit in 1968 with Nobody But Me , a song originally recorded by the Isley Brothers. They released two albums: their debut album titled Nobody But Me and a follow-up album titled Evolution (http://www.artistdirect.com/music/artist/bio/0,,446386,00.html?artist=Human+Beinz )

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Huntington, Samuel October 4, 1765 – June 8, 1817
Governor of Ohio (Born Coventry, CT; resident of Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Huntington was the third governor of Ohio. He settled briefly in Youngstown (1801) before moving to the Cleveland area. (http://www.ohiohistory.org/onlinedoc/ohgovernment/governors/huntingt.html  )

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Jaworski , Ronald March 23, 1951 -
Football Player (Born Lackawanna, NY; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Jaworski was quarterback for Youngstown State University (1969-1972), played with the Los Angeles Rams (1973-76), the Philadelphia Eagles (1977-86, 1980 Super Bowl), the Miami Dolphins (1987-88), and the Kansas City Chiefs (1989). He is now a football analyst and motivational speaker. (Total Football II , When the Clock Runs Out by Bill Lyon, http://www.speakingofsports.com/speakers/Jaworski.htm )

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Jenkins, (William) Paul July 12, 1923 –
Painter (Born Kansas City, MO; resident of Struthers, OH)
Mr. Jenkins graduated from Struthers High School and served in the U.S. Navy Air Corps (1943-1945). He studied art in New York City after the war and became an independent artist in 1953. The first exhibitions of his work were in Paris and Frankfurt in 1954. He is known for his abstract expressionist painting style, which has won him many awards, including a Life Achievement Award from the Butler Institute of American Art (1997). A film, The Ivory Knife: Paul Jenkins at Work , was made while he painted from 1964 to 1966. His works are displayed at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Guggenheim Museum in New York, and the Tate Gallery in London among others. Andy Warhol painted his portrait in 1979. (Vindicator 4-27-58, Dictionary of American Art , Contemporary Artists )

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Jones, George “Wydell” October 5, 1936 – September 27, 2008
Singer/Entertainer (Born Richmond, VA, resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Jones was an entertainer and lead singer of the original Edsels singing group, which was formed in the late 1950s.  He moved to the Youngstown area as a child when his father got work in a steel mill and he spent most of his life here.  He attended Campbell Memorial High School and sang with his friends on street corners in Campbell as a youth.  After high school, Jones joined the U.S. Air Force, where he sang in a vocal group with other servicemen.  He wrote and arranged all of the songs for the Edsels, and wrote their hit song “Rama Lama Ding Dong,” which was first conceived during his military service.  “Rama Lama” peaked at No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1961.  During The Edsels’ heyday, the group performed at the famed Apollo Theater in New York twice, and also appeared on several national pop-music television shows, including American Bandstand and Shindig.  George Jones recorded two songs with Ray Charles: “I’m Gonna Cut You Loose” and “Do the Walk.”  Jones also managed several gospel music groups in later years, including The Jones Gospel Singers, which was comprised of his family members. See also The Edsels entry above.  (Vindicator 9-30-2008)

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Jones, Nathaniel R. May 13, 1926-
Judge (Born Youngstown, OH)
Judge Jones grew up on Court Street in Smoky Hollow. After serving in the Air Force during World War II, he earned his law degree from Youngstown State University. A civil rights attorney, he was executive director of the Youngstown's Fair Employment Practices Commission and the Mayor's Human Relations Commission from 1956 to 1959. In 1961, Attorney General Robert Kennedy appointed him Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio in Cleveland, the first African-American to hold that position. In 1967, President Johnson named him Assistant General Counsel to the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, also known as the Kerner Commission. He was general counsel of the NAACP from 1969 until President Carter appointed him judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in 1979. He retired in 2002 and joined the Cincinnati law firm of Blank Rome LLP, where he specializes in litigation and dispute resolution. On May 5, 2003, the Nathaniel R. Jones Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Youngstown was named in his honor, making him the fourth African American to have a federal building named for him. (http://www.blankrome.com/Newsevents/Press/jonesn0402.asp, Vindicator 11-9-01, 4-13-2003, 5-6-2003)

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Karlis, Rich May 23, 1959 –
Football player (Born Salem, OH)
Mr. Karlis attended Salem High School and played one season for the University of Cincinnati as a kicker. He was the only one of 75 kickers the Denver Broncos picked up at a free agent tryout camp. He played for the Broncos from 1982 to 1988 and was responsible for getting them into the Super Bowl with an overtime field goal against the Cleveland Browns in 1987. During the Super Bowl, he missed two early field goal attempts and the Broncos lost to the New York Giants. The Broncos also went to the 1988 Super Bowl, again losing, before he was traded to the Minnesota Vikings. He played there only one season, but on November 5,1989 he became one of the few men who have kicked 7 successful field goals in a single game. Since he always kicked barefoot and could not donate his shoe, a plaster cast was made of his kicking foot to commemorate the event. After the 1990 season with the Detroit Lions, he became a businessman in Denver and is involved with the Special Olympics. (Total Football II , Sports Illustrated 7-24-2000, Vindicator 1-12-1987, 1-25-1987, 1-26-1987, 11-6-1989)

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Kirwan, Michael Joseph December 2, 1886 – July 27, 1970
Congressman (Born Plains, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
The son of an Irish coal miner, Mr. Kirwan dropped out of school after third grade. He worked in coalmines, railroads, oil fields, and lumber camps across America before becoming a sergeant in the 348 th Machine Gun Company during World War I. He moved to Youngstown in the early 1920s, employed at U.S. Steel's Ohio Works, before serving on the Youngstown City Council from 1932-1936. A democrat, he was elected to the House of Representatives in 1936 and eventually held two high positions. The first was chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Public Works through which he championed conservation, the Smithsonian Institute, highways, dams, power plants, and better education for Native Americans. His second position was as chairman of the Democratic National Congressional Committee beginning in 1948, the first northerner to hold this position. The only two projects that he failed to achieve were the Lake Erie to Ohio River canal, “Mike's Big Ditch”, and an aquarium for Washington D.C., “Mike's Fish Tank”. A 17-term congressman, he was ranked 7th in House seniority when he died from complications of a broken back which had kept him in the hospital for over a year. (Vindicator 1-15-1948, 7-27-1970; New York Times 7-28-1970; Who Was Who in America )

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Kosar, Bernie November 25, 1963 -
Football player (Born Boardman, OH)
Mr. Kosar played at Boardman High School, the University of Miami in Florida (1983-1985, 1983 National Champions), and was quarterback for the Cleveland Browns (1985-1993). He played for the Dallas Cowboys in late 1993 and was “a key element in the Cowboys Super Bowl winning season by replacing an injured Troy Aikman”. He finished his professional career with the Miami Dolphins (1994-1996). He is now a businessman, part owner of the NHL Florida Panthers, and director and chairman of the NFL Quarterback Club. He publishes and is a contributing columnist for the magazine Bernie's Insiders: Cleveland Pro Football Coverage.(www.bernie-kosar.com  , http://browns.scout.com/index.html  

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Kosco, Andrew “Pudge” October 5, 1941 -
Baseball Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Kosco played for the Minnesota Twins (1965-1967), the New York Yankees (1968), the Los Angeles Dodgers (1969-1970), and the Milwaukee Brewers (1971). In 1972, he played for the California Angels and Boston Red Sox, and ended his professional career with the Cincinnati Reds (1973-1974). (Total Baseball

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Lawrence, Mary Wells May 25, 1928 -
Advertising Executive (Born Poland, OH)
Ms. Wells began her career as a copywriter for McKelvey's Department Store in 1951. She moved to New York to work for Macy's and founded her own advertising firm, Wells, Rich, Greene Inc., in 1966. She was the first female CEO of a firm traded on the New York Stock Exchange (1968) and at age 40 was the youngest person ever to be inducted into the Copywriter's Hall of Fame (1969). Her firm was sold when she retired in 1990, closing permanently in 1998. She was inducted into the Advertising Hall of Fame in 2000. She is responsible for such advertising slogans as “Plop plop fizz fizz” and “I can't believe I ate the whole thing” for Alka Seltzer, “Midasize it”, “Flick my Bic”, and the “I love New York” campaign. Her memoir, A Big Life (in Advertising) , was published in 2002. (Vindicator 10-4-1966, Cleveland Plain Dealer 4-14-1990, Who's Who in Finance and Industry )

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Lepore, Nanette 1963 - 
Fashion Designer (Born Youngstown, OH; resides in New York City)
Nanette Lepore is a fashion designer based in New York City.  She is the daughter of James Lepore, a former professor of art at Youngstown State University and noted painter.  She graduated in 1983 from YSU with a BFA and later earned a degree in design at New York's Fashion Institute of Technology.  Operating at first on a shoestring, Lepore launched her label in New York City's Garment Center, which has grown to become a major player in contemporary American fashion.  Her clothes are sold in shops throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia.  She is married to painter Robert Savage and has a daughter, Violet.  Lepore was given an honorary degree in 2012 at YSU's Spring Commencement where she gave the commencement address. (www.nanettelepore.com; www.ysunews.com/nanette-lepore-ysu-alumni-success/; Vindicator, 1-25-2013)
 
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Light, Enoch August 18, 1907 – July 31, 1978
Musician (Born Canton, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Light's family moved to Youngstown when he was small. He graduated from South High School and studied violin at the Dana Music Institute in Warren. He made his conducting debut with the Salzburg Symphony in Austria in 1930. He returned to the United States and formed a successful big band, Enoch Light and the Light Brigade. While touring with the band, he was seriously injured in a car accident and did not return to music for two years. After his recovery, he focused on conducting and producing records where he experimented with stereo techniques and recording on 35mm film. Under his Command Records label, he recorded Persuasive Percussion , which hit the top of the charts in April 1960 and went gold. (Vindicator 8-2-1978, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians , Encyclopedia of Popular Music )

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Lynd, Staughton November 22, 1929 –
Lawyer/Writer/Activist (Born Philadelphia, PA; resident of Niles, OH)
A former history professor at Yale, Mr. Lynd became a leader of the New Left in the 1960s. He was chairperson of the first march on Washington protesting the Vietnam War and director of the Mississippi Freedom Schools. His activism made it difficult for him to find a job in the academic world, so he became a lawyer specializing in the rights of workers. He and his family moved to the Youngstown area in 1976, where he went to work for Northeast Ohio Legal Services. When the area's three largest steel mills closed, he and co-worker James Callen represented community coalitions trying to save Youngstown Sheet & Tube's Campbell works and LTV's Brier Hill works. The fight to save U.S. Steel's Ohio Works went to the U.S. District Court but was unsuccessful. He wrote The Fight Against Shutdowns – Youngstown's Steel Mill Closings about the struggle. He retired in 1997 but continues to write. (Vindicator 8-29-82, 6-22-97; Business Journal 3-1999; Current Biography 1983)

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McAleer, Jimmy “Loafer” July 10, 1864 – April 29, 1931
Baseball Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
When Mr. McAleer played for the Cleveland Spiders (1889 – 1898; 1892, 1895, 1896 World Series), he was the first person from the Mahoning Valley to play in the majors. In 1901, he came out of retirement to become the first manager of the American League's Cleveland Indians. He was manager of the new St. Louis Browns (1902-1908) and the Washington Senators (1911). In 1912, he became co-owner and president of the Boston Red Sox, but was forced to sell out in 1914. (Business Journal Mid-January 2000, Vindicator 7-13-86, Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia )

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McBride, Wilbert B. July 14, 1915 – July 5, 2002
Attorney and Lyricist (Born Youngstown, OH)
Beautiful Ohio , words by Ballard MacDonald and music by Mary Earl, was adopted as the state song on October 14, 1969. Mr. McBride, a Youngstown attorney, felt the lyrics about love and little red canoes did not adequately represent the state. He wrote new lyrics and had Senate Minority Leader Harry Meshel of Youngstown introduce legislation to have them officially changed. His lyrics were adopted and became law on November 6, 1989. (Vindicator 2-24-88, 6-30-89, 7-17-2002; http://www.netstate.com/states/symb/song/oh_beautiful_oh.htm  )

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McFadden, Paul September 24, 1961 -
Football Player (Born Euclid, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. McFadden was a kicker at Youngstown State University (1980-1983) known for his barefooted-kicking style. He played with the Philadelphia Eagles (1984-1987), the New York Giants (1988), and the Atlanta Falcons (1989). After his NFL career, he returned to Youngstown and served as the Director of Athletic Development at YSU from 1993 to 2000. In August of 2000, he became YSU's Director of Development. (http://www.ysu.edu/sports/penguinclub/mcfadden.htm , Vindicator 1-28-01)

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McGovern, Maureen July 27, 1949 -
Singer/Actress (Born Boardman, OH)
Ms. McGovern began her career singing the 1973 Academy Award winning song The Morning After from the film The Poseidon Adventure . In 1975, she became the first singer to record two Oscar-nominated songs in the same year: We May Never Love Like This Again from the Towering Inferno , which won, and Wherever Love Takes Me from the British film Gold . In 1978, she hit the charts again singing Can You Read My Mind? from Superman . She appeared in the 1980 film Airplane! , as singing nun Sister Angelina. She has starred on Broadway in The Pirates of Penzance , Nine , and 3 Penny Opera , and provided the voice for Rachel in the animated film Joseph: King of Dreams . (Savvy December 1989, Current Biography 1990, Vindicator 5-1-88, 8-28-2000)

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McGovern, Michael J. October 3, 1854 – April 2, 1933
Poet (Born Castlerea, Ireland; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. McGovern came to Youngstown around 1888. He is known as the Puddler Poet of Youngstown because of the poems he wrote while working as a puddler in the local steel mills. “In the labor verse for which he is best known, he struck out unmercifully against unjust employers and selfish bosses”. His works were collected in Labor Lyrics and Other Poems published in 1899. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery (Vindicator 4-3-33, 4-9-33, 9-26-37)

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McGuffey, William Holmes September 23, 1800 – May 4, 1873
Educator (Born Washington County, PA; area resident)
Mr. McGuffey grew up in Coitsville Township and was educated at a log cabin school in Youngstown. He began teaching in Calcutta, OH at the age of 13. He was a professor at Miami University of Ohio and the University of Virginia, president of Ohio University, and an ordained Presbyterian minister. He was known for his series of school readers, the McGuffey Readers, which were published between 1836 and 1920. It is estimated that more than half of the students of this time period used the six levels of Readers in their schooling and their sales figures ranked in the same class as the Bible and Webster's Dictionary. Some school districts today are returning to them because of their emphasis on honesty, hard work and moral integrity. McGuffey Road in Youngstown was originally the pathway that his father created for the children to go to school and the site of his boyhood home was listed as a National Historic Landmark in 1966. (Y - McGuffey, William H. folder, Vindicator 7-26-2004)

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McKinley, William January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901
President (Born Niles, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
William McKinley's family moved from Niles to Poland, OH when he was nine so that he could attend the Poland Union Seminary. He taught in Poland's Kerr School District (1860-1861) and worked at the Poland post office. After serving in the Civil War, he studied law and worked for a law office in Youngstown. He was admitted to the bar in 1876 and practiced in Canton, OH. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1876-1891) and was governor of Ohio (1892-1896). He ran on the Republican ticket and won the presidential election in 1896 to become the 25 th President of the United States. He was reelected in 1900. On September 6, 1901, he was shot by anarchist Leon F. Czolgosz and died eight days later. He is buried in Canton, OH at the McKinley National Memorial. His Niles home is now the McKinley Home and Research Center. (The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents; Vindicator 10-14-2002; Encyclopedia of the American Presidency; http://www.mckinleymuseum.org/  )

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McMillan, Reuben October 7, 1820 – June 23, 1898
Educator (Born Canfield, OH)
Mr. McMillan was superintendent of the Youngstown Schools and one of the five original founders of the Youngstown Library Association, which created a library for Youngstown. On March 5, 1898, the Youngstown Library Association was renamed the “Reuben McMillan Free Library Association” in his honor. (Y - McMillan, Reuben folder)

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Maguire, Paul August 22, 1938 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Maguire attended Ursuline High School and The Citadel. He played for the San Diego Chargers (1960-1963, 1963 AFL Champions) and the Buffalo Bills (1964-1970, 1964 and 1965 AFL Champions). He has been a sports commentator for NBC and ESPN. (Total Football II , Vindicator 4-9-98)

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Mancini , Ray “Boom Boom” March 4, 1961 -
Boxer (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Mancini is the son of another boxer, Leonard Jon Mancini, who was also known as “Boom-Boom”. Ray was the Youngstown/Cleveland Golden Gloves boxing champ from 1977-1979 and won the North American Boxing Federation lightweight title in 1981 by defeating Jorge Morales. In 1982, he beat Arturio Frias to become the World Boxing Association lightweight champion. He lost the title to Livingstone Bramble in 1984 and officially retired from boxing in 1985. He attempted comebacks in 1989 and 1992, but is now involved in boxing promotions, acting, and his film production company, Boom Boom Productions. In 2000, his company filmed Turn of Faith in Youngstown, with Ray in a starring role. Recent projects include collaboration with a local winery to develop a unique blended wine (see http://www.luvabella.com/southpaw.shtml) and the release of a biography. (Vindicator 2-5-95, 5-4-2000; Business Journal Mid-July 1994; The Good Son: the Life of Ray "Boom Boom" Mancini, written by Mark Kriegel [New York: Free Press, 2012])

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Manigault-Stallworth, Omarosa 1974 –
Television Personality (Born Youngstown, OH)
Ms. Manigault-Stallworth rose to fame as a contestant on the Donald Trump reality television show, The Apprentice , which began in 2003. She also appeared in Fear Factor and The Surreal Life . She graduated from Rayen High School in 1992, Central State University (Wilberforce, OH) in 1996, and has earned a master's degree from Howard University (Washington, DC). She is currently working on a PhD in communications. Since the show, she has trademarked her first name and will only use her full name for her political work. Her husband, Aaron Stallworth, runs a scholarship program for inner-city youths. (www.omarosa.com  , Vindicator 2-6-2004, People 4-19-2004, 5-3-2004, 8-16-2004)

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Mayo, John Lewis (Jack) July 26, 1925 – August 19, 2014
Baseball Player (Born Litchfield, IL; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Mayo came to Youngstown with his family in 1937. After serving as a Marine in World War II, he played baseball at Notre Dame University. He played for the Philadelphia Phillies (1948-1952, 1950 World Series) and was one of the Philadelphia “Whiz Kids” that won the 1950 National League pennant. He played briefly for Baltimore and Montreal before returning to the Phillies (1953). After retiring from baseball, he returned to Youngstown and became co-partner of Mayo-Orvets Realtors in 1959, now called Mayo & Associates.  Considered the "Dean of Real Estate" in the Mahoning Valley, Jack developed thousands of residential and commercial properties.  He served as Past President of the Youngstown Board of Realtors.  Honoring his athletic accomplishments, Jack was a Curbstone Hall of Fame recipient.   (Total Baseball , Vindicator 10-16-74, 8-21-2014 [obituary])

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Monus, Michael I. “Mickey” August 20, 1947 -
Phar-Mor Executive (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Monus co-founded the discount drugstore chain Phar-Mor in 1982, was vice president and general partner in the Colorado Rockies baseball team, general partner and founder of the World Basketball League (WBL), and president of the local WBL franchise, the Youngstown Pride. He made headlines in 1992 when it was discovered that he was involved in large-scale corporate fraud. He was convicted on 109 felony counts and charged with embezzling as much as 1 billion dollars from Phar-Mor, mostly to bolster the failing WBL. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison and fined 1 million dollars in 1995, but the sentence was reduced by eight years and the fine halved in 1999. He was forced to sell his shares of the Colorado Rockies, the WBL folded in 1992, and the last Phar-Mor closed in 2002. (Drug Store News 3/1/99, Newsweek 8/31/92, Y - Phar-Mor Inc. folder)

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Mooney, Edward Francis, Cardinal May 9, 1882 – October 25, 1958
Cardinal (Born Mount Savage, MD; resident of Mahoning County)
Cardinal Mooney's family moved to Youngstown when he was 5 years old, where he attended St. Columba's parish school. After earning bachelor's and master's degrees in the U.S., he received a doctorate in philosophy and a doctorate in theology at the North American College in Rome, Italy. He was ordained in Rome on April 10, 1909. He taught at St. Mary's Seminary in Cleveland and founded the Cathedral Latin School there in 1916. In August 1922, he was appointed pastor of St. Patrick's in Youngstown, which lasted only a short time before he became spiritual director at the North American College. He served with great diplomatic skill in India and Japan before being named Bishop of Rochester (New York) on August 28, 1933. During World War II, “he was, in effect, spokesman for the Church in the U.S.” and showed support for the United Nations. When he was transferred to Detroit in 1937, he encouraged union organizing and founded the Labor Institute, which offered classes in social ethics. He was named a cardinal on February 21, 1946. He died in Rome, just an hour before the conclave began to elect the successor of Pope Pius XII. Cardinal Mooney High School in Youngstown is named for him.
(http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-m.htm#Mooney  , New Catholic Encyclopedia )

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Nadzam, Rosemary September 13, 1931 - December 11, 2009
Children's TV Program Host, Educator (Born Canton, OH)
Rosemary Nadzam (nee Kreuzer) graduated from Louisville High School (Stark County) and earned a degree in Education from Kent State University.  During the 1960s she became "Miss Rosemary," local host of the popular, franchised and syndicated children's television program, Romper Room.  Mrs. Nadzam also taught in Alliance and the Youngstown City Schools, retiring after 23 years. (Vindicator 12-13-2009 page B5 column 3; Kubik, Maraline. "What Changed Kids' TV?" Vindicator 3-7-2002) 

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Nielsen, Jerri March 1, 1952 - June 23, 2009
Physician (Born Salem, OH; died Southwick, MA)
Dr. Nielsen attended West Branch High School and graduated form the Medical College of Toledo in 1977. After a bitter divorce, which resulted in the estrangement of her children, Dr. Nielsen took a one-year assignment as the only physician for the 40 scientists and support staff stationed at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. After only four months, she found a lump in her breast that did not respond to treatment. She taught a welder to do a tissue biopsy under her direction, using only ice to numb the area. The lump proved cancerous, but due to the cold she could not be flown out. The Air Force dropped chemotherapy drugs that she administered to herself for three months. On October 16, 1999, the temperature rose to –53 degrees, allowing an airplane to land for 20 minutes to pick her up. She had a mastectomy at Indiana University Hospital. After a period of remission, the cancer returned in 2005 and Nielsen died on June 23, 2009 at age 57. She wrote a book, Ice Bound: A Doctor's Incredible Battle for Survival at the South Pole. (Vindicator 7-17-01; 6-25-09; Lisbon Morning Journal 9-19-03; Ice Bound)

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Olsavsky, Jerome (Jerry) March 29, 1967 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Olsavsky attended Chaney High School and the University of Pittsburgh. He played for the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1989 to 1997. He signed with the Cincinnati Bengals in 1997, but was waived in early 1998 after breaking his hand. He played for the Baltimore Ravens in 1998. After coaching in various places, he is now assistant football coach at Youngstown State University. (Total Football II , Vindicator 10-29-98, 3-25-2003)

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O'Neill, Ed April 12, 1946 -
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. O'Neill played football at Ursuline High School and Youngstown State University, and was drafted by the Pittsburgh Steelers. After the Steelers cut him during his rookie year, he taught social studies as a substitute teacher and started acting at the Youngstown Playhouse and YSU. He made his Broadway debut as “Paddy Klonski” in Knockout (1979). He is most noted for playing “Al Bundy” on Fox's television series Married… With Children (1987-1997), for which he received two Golden Globe nominations. His first feature film leading role was in the 1991 movie Dutch . He also starred as Joe Friday in the 2003 Dragnet series on ABC. His current activity includes a key role in the TV comedy series, Modern Family. (www.imdb.com , Vindicator 3-15-81, Cleveland Plain Dealer 1-14-91)

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Owsley, Charles H. December 15, 1846 – August 25, 1935
Architect, Designer (Born Blaston Hall, Leicestershire, England; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Owsley studied architecture at Allesley Park College at Coventry England, then moved on to an apprenticeship at Abergavenny, Wales.  Leaving Europe he first came to Toronto, Canada at age 22.  Arriving in Youngstown in 1878, he joined in practice with Louis Boucherle, forming the firm Owsley & Boucherle.  This firm designed some of the most beautiful structures in Youngstown, many of which still stand.  These include the Young Men’s Christian Association, Dollar Bank, Tabernacle Church, G.M. McKelvey Building, South High School, Mercer County Courthouse, Mahoning County Courthouse, and the Reuben McMillan Library.  The firm also designed many imposing private residences, elegant country homes, and a host of commercial properties.  Mr. Owsley was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects, a 32nd degree Mason and a life member of the Elks.  He is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Youngstown. (Sanderson, Thomas W., 20th Century History of Youngstown and Mahoning County, Ohio, 1907; Youngstown Vindicator, August 26, 1935 page 1 column 3 [obituary]).

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Packard, James Ward November 5, 1863 – March 20, 1928
Packard, William Doud November 3, 1861 – November 11, 1923
Automotive Innovators (Born Warren, OH)
In 1890, the Packard brothers established the Packard Electric Company in Warren, which made incandescent carbon arc “Packard Lamps”. In 1898, Ward Packard bought a Winton automobile, which he felt needed improvement. When the owner of the Winton Company ignored his advice, he formed a partnership with one of Winton's major stockholders, George L. Weiss, and William Packard to build automobiles as Packard & Weiss. The first Packard automobile was finished in November of 1899. In September of 1900, the company incorporated as the Ohio Automobile Company, which developed such innovations as the first “H” pattern gearshift and the first steering wheel in an automobile. The company was renamed the Packard Motor Car Company in 1902. By this time, the quality of the automobiles had attracted wealthy investors from Michigan, who gained control of the company's stock and moved the company to Detroit in 1903. Ward Packard kept his stock and remained listed as president until 1909. (The company merged with the Studebaker Corporation in 1954, with the last Packard automobile being made in 1958.) Returning their attention to the Packard Electric Company, the brothers sold off the lamp business and focused on making automotive electrical systems, receiving over 30 patents on their designs. General Motors acquired the company in 1932, renaming it Delphi Packard Electric Systems in 1995. The company was spun off and became independent of GM in 1999. Both brothers were philanthropists, with William best remembered for donating the land that became Packard Park, and donating the money to build W.D. Packard Music Hall and to maintain the Packard Band. The National Packard Museum was established in Warren in 1990. (Automobile Dealers Association of Eastern Ohio 2-1965, Metro Eye 9-95 www.packardclub.org  )

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Parise, Ronald May 24, 1951 – May 9, 2008
Astronaut (Born Warren, OH)
Dr. Ronald A. Parise was a graduate of Western Reserve High School and Youngstown State University. He received his doctorate in astronomy from the University of Florida. He began working for companies that provided technical support for NASA and in 1984 was chosen as a payload specialist for the new NASA Spacelab ASTRO observatory missions. His shuttle flight was scheduled to launch in March of 1986, but the Challenger explosion caused a five-year delay. He eventually flew on both of the Spacelab ASTRO missions aboard the space shuttles Columbia (December 2-10, 1990) and Endeavor (March 2-18, 1995). Mr. Parise died at the age of 56 from brain cancer. (Vindicator May 11, 2008 1:6; http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/PS/parise.html , Who's Who in Space)

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Pataki, Michael January 16, 1938 – April 15, 2010
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH, Died North Hollywood, California)
Pataki enjoyed a long career that began in theater and expanded to television and film.  As a character actor he performed roles in television series such as Star Trek, the Flying Nun, All in the Family, the Green Hornet and many others.  In film, he appeared in Rocky IV, Easy Rider, The Onion Field, The Andromeda Strain, Airport ’77 and more.  Other work includes voice-over roles in animated series and he co-produced with David Sheehan the stage presentation of Pippin. ( http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0329029/,  http://famousmonstersoffilmland.com/2010/04/27/actor-michael-pataki-dies/,  http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118018051?refCatId=1043)

  

Patchen, Kenneth December 13, 1911 – January 8, 1972
Poet/Novelist /Painter (Born Niles, OH)
Mr. Patchen was born in Niles but raised on Patchen Avenue in Warren. His father was a steelworker and he worked briefly in the mills as well before deciding to focus on writing. His writing is considered experimental in that he was more concerned with the way language could reflect emotions rather than following standard literary patterns. His poetry ranged from political to metaphysical to romantic, and he has been called “one of the great love poets of the century”. He also wrote plays and essays and invented “picture poems” where words and illustrations are inseparably combined into one work of art.
(Encyclopedia of World Biography , Vindicator 11-7-88)

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Pavlik, Kelly April 4, 1982 -
Boxer (Born Youngstown, Ohio)
Mr. Pavlik grew up on Youngstown’s south side and attended both Lowellville High School and the Mahoning County Joint Vocational School, where he graduated in 2000.  But prior to this common rite of passage for a local kid, Pavlik had already proven his skill in the boxing world.  In 1998 he became both the National Junior Golden Gloves Welterweight Champion and National Junior PAL Welterweight Champion.  The following year he was the U.S. National Under-19 Welterweight Champion.  Immediately after graduating from school, Pavlik wasted no time and entered the professional ring, defeating Eric Benito Tzand in a 3rd round KO on June 16, 2000.  A year later almost to the day Pavlik defeated Grady Brewer in a 2nd round TKO.  In 2005 he filled the vacant NABF Middleweight Title with a TKO of Fulgencio Zuniga.  Pavlik successfully defended his NABF title twice, against Bronco McKart and Jose Zertuche.  On September 29, 2007 Pavlik defeated Jermain Taylor for the WBC and WBO Middleweight title.  He defended his world title three times, against Gary Lockett in 2008, and Marco Rubio and Miguel Espino in 2009.  On April 17, 2010 Pavlik lost his title to Sergio Martinez in a 12-round unanimous decision.  About a year later Pavlik re-tooled and entered the super middleweight division in a victorious fight against Alfonso Lopez.  Temporarily sidetracked by alcohol abuse problems, Pavlik returned to the ring and ran off a string of victories against Aaron Jaco (May 7, 2011), Scott Sigmon (June 8, 2012), and Will Rosinsky (July 7, 2012) with trainer Robert Garcia.  Seemingly on a title run, Pavlik decided to retire mainly due to family considerations.  He concluded his career on January 19, 2013 with a record of 40 wins (34 by KO), and 2 losses.  (Sources: www.boxrec.com; www.vindy.com)

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Pendleton, Austin March 27, 1940 –
Actor/Stage Director (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Pendleton has appeared in such movies as What's Up Doc , The Front Page , Starting Over , The Muppet Movie , Short Circuit , My Cousin Vinny , Guarding Tess, and A Beautiful Mind. He provided the voice for the character Gurgle in Finding Nemo . He was “Motel the Tailor” in the original Broadway cast of Fiddler on the Roof , and was nominated for a Tony Award for directing the Broadway revival of The Little Foxes with Elizabeth Taylor (1981). (Vindicator 11-30-86, www.imdb.com

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Policy, Carmen January 26, 1943 –
Attorney and Sports Executive (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Policy attended Ursuline High School and graduated from Youngstown State University in 1963. He went to law school at Georgetown University and passed the Ohio Bar in 1966. He practiced law until 1991, when he moved to San Francisco to become president of Debartolo's 49ers. In 1998, he and Alfred Lerner teamed up in a successful bid to bring an NFL team back to Cleveland. He owns 10 percent of the Cleveland Browns, who made their debut in the 1999 season, and was president and CEO of the team until 2004. (Vindicator 9-9-1998, Who's Who in America 2005 http://www.sfweekly.com/issues/1999-10-13/news/feature2_1.html  )

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Powell, Craig November 13, 1971 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Powell attended Rayen High School and was named to Parade Magazine 's All-American High School Football Team in 1990. He attended Ohio State University (1992-1994) but left a year early to play for the Cleveland Browns (1995). Plagued by injuries, he played sporadically for the Browns and the Baltimore Ravens (1996) and later played for the New York Jets (1998). (Total Football II , Vindicator 12-28-90, 4-23-95, 11-19-96)

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Rogers, Volney December 1, 1846 - December 3, 1919
Attorney/Naturalist (Born East Palestine, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
In 1890, Mr. Rogers toured the Mill Creek Gorge by horseback. Its beauty inspired him to purchase all the available land in the area to preserve it for future generations. He authored the 1891 Township Parks Improvement Act that permitted the Township of Youngstown to issue bonds and acquire the Mill Creek Gorge. Rogers not only drafted the legislation that paved the way for the development of the first park district in Ohio, he also donated his land to the park and supervised the park's planning and development. A sculpture of Volney Rogers stands at the entrance of Mill Creek Park. He is buried in Tod Cemetery. (http://www.sculpturecenter.org/img/big/01061.jpg  , Mahoning Memories , A Heritage to Share, Y – Rogers, Volney folder)

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Saluga, Bill 1938 -
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Saluga, an Ursuline High graduate, first worked as a cameraman at WKBN-TV and was actively involved with the Youngstown Playhouse. He became famous for “Raymond J. Johnson Jr.”, a character he portrayed in commercials for Anheuser-Busch's Natural Light Beer in the late 1970's. “You can call me Ray, or you can call me J, or you can call me Ray J… but ya doesn't have to call me Johnson” was the popular routine, which was created when he worked in the comedy group Ace Trucking Company. (Vindicator 2-11-79, 11-30-86; Akron Beacon Magazine 5-27-79)

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Samuels, Rae 1886 – October 24, 1979
Vaudevillian (Born Youngstown, OH)
Known as the “Blue Streak of Vaudeville”, Rae Samuels started touring as a child. By 1911 she was a singing star and she appeared in the 1912 Ziegfeld Follies. She played the Palace for the first time in 1914. Appearing there in 1918, she was the first performer to sing Irving Berlin's “Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning.” She earned her nickname from singing her comic songs with gusto and often punching the scenery at the end of her act, a gesture she said Milton Berle adopted from her. She got equal billing with Al Jolson in The Honeymoon Express and was one of the highest paid women in vaudeville, earning $2,000 a week or more. She performed for almost 50 years before retiring in the early 1930s with her manager and husband, Marty Forkin. (Vindicator 11-15-79, Encyclopedia of Vaudeville , The Vaudevillians by Bill Smith)

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Shavers, Earnie August 31, 1945 -
Boxer (Born Garland, AL; resident of Trumbull County)
Mr. Shaver's family moved to a farm in Braceville when he was 5 years old. He attended Newton Falls High School and didn't start boxing until he was 22. He unsuccessfully fought heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali in a15-round World Boxing Council title bout September 29, 1977 at Madison Square Garden. Leading up to the fight, he was given the nickname “The Acorn” by Ali because of his shaved head. In his second attempt for the title, he knocked out former champion Ken Norton in the first round to face champion Larry Holmes on September 28, 1979 in Las Vegas. He missed the crown again in 11 rounds. He is known as the hardest hitting heavyweight of all time and was named Puncher of the Century by the International Boxing Association. 67 of his 73 winning matches ended with a KO. He now lives in England and has authored an autobiography, Earnie Shavers: Welcome to the Big Time . (Vindicator 9-30-1977, 2-3-2000; http://www.ringsidereport.com/bbb083004.htm  , Sports Illustrated 9-12-1977)

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Shuba, George “Shotgun” December 13, 1924 – October 29, 2014
Baseball Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
George Shuba and Jackie Robinson started with the Montreal Royals, the top AAA farm team of the Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1945. On opening day of the International League season, Jackie Robinson hit a 3-run homer. George Shuba was next up to bat. “Everyone was waiting to see if a white guy would shake his hand, and for me it was the only thing to do. And when I did, that picture went all over the country…” Mr. Shuba played for the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1948-1955, including the 1952, 1953 and 1955 World Series. In the 1953 series, he was the first pinch-hitter (National League) to hit a home run in a World Series. After baseball, Mr. Shuba became co-owner of L&R Sports sporting goods and also worked with the U.S. Postal Service for 25 years, retiring in 1986. (Vindicator 4-18-1996; 10-5-2014 [obituary])

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Singer, Clyde October 20, 1908 – January 5, 1999
Painter/Curator (Born Malvern, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Singer studied at the Columbus Art School until winning a scholarship to the prestigious Art Students League in New York City. In 1935, he made his breakthrough showing at the National Academy of Design and the Whitney Museum of American Art. Joseph Butler III, director of the Butler Institute of American Art, asked him to assist with curating and teaching at the Butler, an offer he accepted in 1940. He was drafted during World War II and painted signs at Fort Bragg before going overseas. In his lifetime, he painted more than 3,000 works of art, mostly in oils, specializing in everyday urban life and lovely ladies. He became associate director and curator for the Butler Institute of American Art, as well as an art critic and columnist for the Vindicator . He participated in more than 500 shows, won more than 40 prizes, and had more than 50 private showings. (Vindicator 1-6-99, 5-20-96; Cleveland Plain Dealer 8-4-90; American Artist 2-1969)

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Sinkwich, Frank October 10, 1920 – October 22, 1990
Football Player (Born McKees Rocks, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Sinkwich was a football star at Chaney High School. He played for the University of Georgia (1939-1943) and appeared in the 1941 Orange Bowl. In 1942 he became the first college player to gain 2,000 yards in total offense. At the 1942 Rose Bowl, he scored the game's only touchdown to give the Bulldogs a win over UCLA. That same year, he was awarded the coveted Heisman Trophy. Professionally, he played for the Detroit Lions (1943- 1944) and the New York Yankees (1946-1947) and the Baltimore Colts (1947). He was named the Most Valuable Player in professional football in 1944. After he retired, he ran four beer-distributing companies in the South. Chaney High School named their athletic field after him, and the Mahoning Avenue bridge was renamed the Frank Sinkwich Bridge in his honor. (Total Football II , Vindicator 10-28-97, 4-26-88, 4-29-88, 8-1-99, 10-22-90)

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Slezak, Victor 1958 -
Actor (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Slezak attended Wilson High School. He started acting in off-off Broadway shows and touring companies, and once acted with Youngstown's Ed O'Neill in “Of Mice and Men”. He has been on The Guiding Light and One Life to Live soap operas, and in such movies as The Bridges of Madison County and The Devil's Own . (Vindicator 11-30-86, www.imdb.com  )

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Smith, Sherman November 1, 1954 –
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
After attending North High School, Mr. Smith quarterbacked for Miami University of Ohio, where he led the team to three Mid-American Conference titles. He was a running back for the Seattle Seahawks for seven years and was one of their all-time leading rushers with over 3, 400 yards and 28 touchdowns. He was traded to the San Diego Chargers but injuries affected his career and he remained there only two years. He started coaching at the high school level, and then moved up to Miami University and the University of Illinois. He is now the running backs coach for the Tennessee Titans. (Vindicator 8-13-1983, Total Football II , http://www.titansradio.com/coaches/smith.html , http://www.nflhs.com/news/coachesspotlight/shermansmith_02172005_sim.asp  )

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Spencer, Ross (Harrison) August 21, 1921 – July 25, 1998
Writer (Born Hughart, WV; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Spencer's family moved to Youngstown when he was an infant. After graduating from Chaney High School, he served in the military in WWII and the Korean War and settled in Chicago. His first mystery novel, The Dada Caper , was published in 1978 when he was 57 years old. In 1987, he moved back to Youngstown and moved the settings of his novels from Chicago to Youngstown as well. He wrote 13 mysteries and over 100 works of poetry before dying of cancer in 1998. (Contemporary Authors 101, 169; Vindicator 9-9-90, 10-14-91, 12-15-91)

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Stevens, Harry Mozley June 14, 1855 – May 3, 1934
Concessionaire (Born London, England; resident of Niles, OH)
Mr. Stevens moved his family to Niles, OH, in 1882. He found work as an iron puddler, organized a union and led their first strike. To support his family during the strike, he became a bookseller. Stopping at a ball game in Columbus, he got an idea for an improved scorecard for which he won concession rights. The popular phrase “you can't tell the players without a scorecard” was his invention. He broadened his business to food concessions and moved to New York. On a cold day at the Polo Grounds, his usual fare of ice cream and lemonade were not selling. He offered sausages in buns with mustard instead, yelling “get ‘em while they're hot”. Sports cartoonist Tad Dorgan portrayed it in a cartoon as a “hot dog” and the name stuck. Stevens was responsible for switching ballpark fare from ice cream and lemonade to peanuts and hot dogs, and was the first to offer drinking straws with soda bottles. He also was the first to send vendors into the stands and to use exclusivity clauses with products. His business expanded to ballparks, racetracks, and convention centers all over the country. His business was sold to Aramark in 1995. He is buried at Union Cemetery in Niles, OH. (Telegram 5-4-1934, Nation's Restaurant News 2-1996, Dictionary of American Biography Supplement 7)

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Stoops, Bob September 9, 1960 –
Football Coach (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Stoops graduated from Cardinal Mooney High School and was a defensive back for the University of Iowa. He coached in various capacities at the University of Iowa, Kent State University, Kansas State University and the University of Florida before becoming the head coach at the University of Oklahoma in 1999, where he has remained. He led the team to victory in the 2000 Orange Bowl and was named the Associated Press National Coach of the Year. (Vindicator 2-19-2001, http://www.soonersports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?SPSID=2899&SPID=209&DB_LANG=C&DB_OEM_ID=300&ATCLID=11564

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Stoudt, Cliff March 27, 1955 –
Football Player (Born Oberlin, OH; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Stoudt was a star quarterback for YSU, leading them to their first ever post-season playoffs in 1974. Recruited by the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1977, he remained on the sidelines while Terry Bradshaw led the Steelers to four Super Bowl victories. In 1983, he got his chance and led the Steelers to a 9-2 start. However, after losing four of the last five regular season games, with the fans turning hostile, he left to quarterback the USFL's Birmingham Stallions (1984-1986). He also played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1986-1987), the Phoenix Cardinals (1988), and the Miami Dolphins (1989).
(Total Football II , Vindicator 1-12-84, 3-28-84, 8-29-86, 9-13-87)

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Stringer, Korey May 8, 1974 – August 1, 2001
Football Player (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Stringer attended Warren Harding High School, where he was an All-State tackle and a member of the 1990 Division I championship team. He was an All-American at Ohio State University (1992-1995), and a 1995 first round draft pick for the Minnesota Vikings, for whom he played offensive tackle. In 2000, he was selected for the Pro Bowl. On August 1, 2001, Korey Stringer died of heatstroke brought on by practicing in hot weather at the Vikings' training camp in Mankato, MN. His was the first heatstroke death in the NFL and has caused teams to adopt better safety measures during practices. He is buried in Pineview Cemetery in Warren. (Total Football II , Vindicator 4-23-95, 8-2-2001, 8-7-2001)

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Tarbell, Ida November 5, 1875 - January 6, 1944
Writer/Educator (Born Hatch Hollow, PA; resident of Mahoning County)
Miss Tarbell was preceptress of the Poland Union Seminary in Poland, OH from August 1880 through June of 1882. She was a writer for and managing editor of The Chautauquan , associate editor of McClure's Magazine , and associate editor of The American Magazine . She won recognition for her expose of the Standard Oil trust, History of the Standard Oil Company , which led to a federal government investigation and breakup of the monopoly. She is also famous for her biographical studies of Abraham Lincoln. Upon her death, the New York Times called her the “dean of women authors in this country.” (Current Biography 1944, All in the Day's Work by Ida Tarbell, Vindicator 6-22-42, New York Times 1-7-44)

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Thomas, Sue May 1950 -
FBI Agent (Born Boardman, OH; resident of Columbiana, OH)
The television show, Sue Thomas, FBEye , on the PAX network was based on the real life experiences of Ms. Thomas. Deaf at 18 months, she was taught to speak and read lips at the Youngstown Hearing and Speech Center. Though she faltered in school because there were no special programs, she became an Ohio state champion in freestyle roller-skating when she was seven. She persevered and graduated from college with degrees in political science and international affairs, but no one would hire her because she couldn't answer a telephone. She learned sign language and became a counselor for the deaf, later working for the FBI identifying fingerprints. When the FBI needed someone to read lips, she started analyzing videos and observing suspects in public. After 3 ½ years, she left to pursue other interests and became a motivational speaker. The series based on her FBI years began October 2002, with deaf actress Deanne Bray cast in the lead role. In 2001, Ms. Thomas was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, which has started to affect her vision. (Family Circle 2-17-04, Lisbon Morning Journal 2-9-2004)

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Tod, David February 21, 1805 - November 13, 1868
Governor of Ohio (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Tod was a “friend and supporter of Lincoln, leader of leaders in the Union cause, diplomat, lawyer, captain of industry and beloved citizen of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley.” He started practicing law in 1827, was postmaster of Warren, an Ohio state senator for one term (1838-1839), ambassador to Brazil (1847-1851), and governor of Ohio (1862-1864). He is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery. (History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Vindicator 4-19-33, http://www.ohiohistory.org/onlinedoc/ohgovernment/governors/tod.html  

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Traficant, James May 8, 1941 - September 27, 2014
U.S. Congressman (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Traficant was quarterback at Cardinal Mooney High School and the University of Pittsburgh, where he earned a bachelor's degree in education. He was director of the Mahoning County drug counseling program for 10 years, earning a master's in both administration and counseling, before winning election as Mahoning County sheriff (1981-1985). A resident of Poland, OH, he represented the 17th congressional district from 1985 until 2002, when he was convicted on federal charges of racketeering, bribery, obstruction of justice, and tax evasion. When he was expelled from the House of Representatives on July 24, 2002, “he became only the second House member since the Civil War to be kicked out of Congress”. His sentencing includes 8 years in prison, three years of supervised release following his prison term, paying for his incarceration (up to $150,000), and paying $19,580 in unpaid taxes. He ran for re-election from prison as an independent in 2002 and finished third with 15% of the vote. He was released from prison on September 2, 2009 after serving 7 years, one month and three days. In 2010, he ran for congress again as an independent and finished third with 16% of the vote. America's Last Minuteman, a compilation of his congressional speeches, was published in 2011. Mr. Traficant was seriously injured on September 23, 2014, when a vintage tractor flipped over on him as he tried to park it inside a barn on the family farm in Greenford, OH. He died four days later on September 27th. (Who's Who in America 2002; Vindicator 7-30-02, 8-6-02, 12-30-2003, 9-2-2009, 9-28-2014 [obituary]; Akron Beacon Journal 12-27-87)

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Tressel, Jim December 5, 1952 –
Football Coach (Born Mentor, OH)
Mr. Tressel came to Youngstown in 1986 as the head football coach for Youngstown State University. He led the Penguins to four Division 1-AA national championships (1991, 1993, 1994, 1997), six appearances at the national championships, and 10 appearances in the Division 1-AA playoffs. He and his father, Lee Tressel (1978 Division III at Baldwin Wallace), are the only father and son coaches to win national championships. He was chosen as Ohio Coach of the Year seven times, and has earned many national coaching titles. He was known for his community involvement and for encouraging scholarship among his players. He became the 22nd head coach at Ohio State University on January 18, 2001. In his second year at OSU, the team won their first national championship since 1968 at the 2003 Fiesta Bowl, defeating the unbeaten University of Miami in double overtime. The team achieved the first 14–0 season record in major college football since the University of Pennsylvania’s 15–0 record in 1897. Due to reports of rules violations during the 2010 season, further NCAA investigation uncovered other misconduct and he was forced to resign as head coach on May 30, 2011.  His overall record at Ohio State was 106–22, which, combined with his YSU years, gives him a career record of 241-79-2. His teams had a 6–4 bowl record, a 5–3 mark in BCS bowl games, and a 9–1 record against the Michigan Wolverines and appeared in three BCS National Championship Games and seven Big Ten Conference championships.  On September 2, 2011, Tressel was hired by the Indianapolis Colts as a consultant, with his service suspended until the 7th game of the season due to his former NCAA violations.  Tressel reportedly interviewed with Colts' owner Jim Irsay about becoming head coach of the team but was passed over.  On February 2, 2012 he accepted an administrative position at the University of Akron as Vice President of Strategic Engagement.  In support of YSU, Jim Tressel and his wife Ellen were key donors for the construction of a new athletic training facility which was co-named in their honor as the Watson and Tressel Training Site.  With the resignation of Randy Dunn as YSU President after only eight months of service, Jim Tressel applied for the position and was named the ninth President of YSU, his term to begin July 1, 2014. (Vindicator 1-4-2003; 5-31-2011; 2-3-2012; 8-8-2012, 5-13-2014)

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Triplett, Mel December 24, 1931 – July 25, 2002
Football Player (Born Indianola, MS; resident of Mahoning County)
Mr. Triplett's family, including brother Bill, moved to Girard in 1944. During his junior and senior years at Girard High School, he was working full-time in a steel mill while participating in football, basketball, baseball, track and gymnastics. Married in his sophomore year of high school, he worked full-time while attending the University of Toledo on a football scholarship. By the time he was drafted by the New York Giants in 1955, he was the father of four. He was with the Giants until 1960, including their 1956 World Championship win. He was traded to the Minnesota Vikings in 1961 and retired from professional football the following year. (Total Football II ; Full Tilt to the NFL: Steel Valley Heroes by Ron Rotunno; Vindicator 8-11-02)

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Triplett, William (Bill) May 9, 1940 –
Football Player (Born Indianola, MS; resident of Mahoning County)
Like his brother Mel, Mr. Triplett was a football star at Girard High School. He attended Miami University of Ohio and was a first round draft pick for the New York Giants, who immediately traded him to the St. Louis Cardinals for a quarterback and a draft choice. He played for the Cardinals in 1962 and 1963, but was diagnosed with tuberculosis and missed the entire 1964 season. He returned to play for the Cardinals (1965-1966), the New York Giants (1967), and the Detroit Lions (1968-1972). (Total Football II ; Full Tilt to the NFL: Steel Valley Heroes by Ron Rotunno)

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Upton, Harriet Taylor December 17, 1853 – November 2, 1945
Suffragist, Writer (Born Ravenna, OH; resident of Warren, OH)
Mrs. Upton's family moved to Warren in 1861. When James Garfield became president, her father was appointed to Garfield's vacated congressional seat and she went to Washington as her widowed father's official hostess. There she met and married lawyer George Upton in 1884. In 1890, she joined the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and served as treasurer from 1895 to 1910. From 1903 to 1910, she ran the day-to-day operations of the NWSA from the national headquarters at Upton House in Warren. She edited Progress , a monthly suffrage paper from 1902 until 1910; it was made the official organ of the NWSA in 1907. From 1899 to 1908, and again from 1911 to 1920, she was president of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association. In 1920, when Tennessee was the last state needed to ratify the 19 th Amendment, she and Carrie Chapman Catt campaigned tirelessly to get it passed. After its passage, Mrs. Upton was appointed vice chairman of the Republican National Executive Committee, the first woman to hold a major position in any political party, where she remained for four years. Besides her political writings, she wrote children's books, A Twentieth Century History of Trumbull County, Ohio , and History of the Western Reserve . She was the first woman to serve on the Warren Board of Education, and she made an unsuccessful bid for her father's congressional seat in 1924 at the age of 70. In the early 1940's, she moved to Pasadena, California, where she died at the age of 91. Her home, Upton House, has been preserved by the Upton Association. (Business Journal 10-98; MVHS Newsletter 3-98; Vindicator 3-27-38, 8-28-60, 9-9-84; Encyclopedia of Women's History in America; Notable American Women 1607-1950 )

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Wagner, Paula 1948 –
Film Producer (Born Youngstown, OH)
Born Paula Kauffman, Mrs. Wagner started acting at the Youngstown Playhouse at age 13. She graduated from Hubbard High School and Carnegie Mellon University before going to New York. After working 10 years as an actress, she became a talent agent for Creative Artists Agency. She nurtured a young Tom Cruise into a superstar and represented Val Kilmer, Oliver Stone and Demi Moore. In 1992, she and Cruise started Cruise/Wagner Productions. Their first film was Mission: Impossible , which went only one dollar over budget and made millions. For this feat, the Producers' Guild of America presented them with the Nova Award. They have also won the Producers' Guild's Vision Award. The company has produced the Mission: Impossible sequels, The Last Samurai , and War of the Worlds.(Vindicator 6-1-2000, 8-29-2004; Current Biography 1998)

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Warfield, Paul November 28, 1942 –
Football Player (Born Warren, OH)
Mr. Warfield was an All-American at Warren G. Harding High School and Ohio State University, and a first round draft pick for the Cleveland Browns (1964-1969). He also played for the Miami Dolphins (1970-1974; 3 Super Bowls), the World Football League's Memphis Southmen (1975), and again for the Browns (1976-1977). He caught 427 passes for a total of 8,565 yards, with a 20.1-yard per catch average. He made 85 career touchdowns. He was on the All-NFL team five times, named to eight Pro Bowls, and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1983. (http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/member.jsp?player_id=225 , Total Football II, Vindicator 7-24-83)

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Warner Brothers Motion Picture Moguls
Harry
December 12, 1881 - July 25, 1958
Albert July 23, 1884 - November 26, 1967
Samuel August 10, 1888 - October 5, 1927
Jack August 2, 1892 - September 9, 1978
The three older Warner brothers were born in Poland, while Jack was born in London, Ontario, Canada. The family settled in Youngstown in 1896, where Harry and their father, Benjamin, first opened a shoe repair shop, then a kosher meat shop and deli. The boys tried everything from selling ice cream cones to gambling before Sam bought an Edison Kinetoscope and one film. They showed this first film, The Great Train Robbery , in an empty store in Niles, OH. Once everyone had seen it there, they took the film on the road. They started several theaters and a film exchange, which was crushed by a monopoly of film producers. Starting over, they filmed “Warner Features” in New York and again went broke. Things began to turn around when they made the film My Four Years in Germany , whose success led to the establishment of Warner Brothers Pictures Inc. in 1923. Sam pushed the company into making “talking pictures” but died the night before the premier of The Jazz Singer , the first film containing sound and one of the studio's greatest triumphs. As a tribute to Sam, the Warners built the opulent Warner Theater in Youngstown, which opened May 14, 1931. It still stands as the Edward W. Powers Auditorium and is now home to the Youngstown Symphony Orchestra. Although the brothers had moved away, Youngstown was again featured in their lives when their father, Benjamin, died here while visiting his daughter. As for their company, in 1989 it merged with Time Inc. to become Time Warner Inc., which merged with AOL in 2001 to become the largest media company in the world. (Metro Eye 4-1997; Ohio Magazine 3-1985; Vindicator 11-4-1935, 8-15-1938, 8-16-1938, 8-17-1938, 8-19-1938, 6-20-41; http://www.youngstownsymphony.com/symphony_center.html , http://www.timewarner.com/corp/

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White, William DeKova January 28, 1934 -
Baseball Player (Born Lakewood, FL; resident of Warren, OH)
Mr. White played for the New York Giants in 1956. After being drafted and serving in the military for two years, he returned to play for the St. Louis Cardinals (1959-1965, 1964 World Series). He finished his professional career with the Philadelphia Phillies (1966-1970). He was an announcer for the New York Yankees for 17 years. In 1989, he became the first African-American president of the National League, remaining in that position until 1994. (Business Journal Mid-January 2000, Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia )

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Wilkins, Jeff April 19, 1972 –
Football Player (Born Austintown, OH)
Mr. Wilkins attended Fitch High School and Youngstown State University, where he was the most prolific kicker and scorer in YSU football history. He played for the Philadelphia Eagles (1994), and the San Francisco 49ers (1994 -1996), and currently plays for the St. Louis Rams (1997- present, 2000 Super Bowl). (Vindicator 1-28-01, http://sports.espn.go.com/nfl/players/stats?statsId=3082

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Woods & Bray, the Wonder Dancers
Woods, Frances March 21, 1907 – July 17, 2000 (Born Girard, OH)
Bray, Billy July 29, 1904 – March 23, 2000 (Born Connellsville, PA)
Ripley's Believe It or Not called this husband and wife dance team the Wonder Dancers because Frances Woods was a deaf mute born without eardrums. Her husband taught her to dance by playing different rhythms on the piano, which she followed from vibrations in the floor. They kept her deafness a secret so the focus would be on their dancing but after five years of touring the truth was discovered and they became a media sensation. Besides ballroom dancing, the couple specialized in the very physical Adagio and Apache dancing where Frances was twirled above Billy's head or flung across the stage. They opened a dance studio in Youngstown in 1958 and continued to dance at nursing homes and charity events across the country well into their eighties. They were awarded the Ohio Governor's Award in 1978 for “achievement benefiting mankind and improving the quality of life for all Ohioans.” They moved to Spring Hill, Florida in 1998. Frances, born Esther Richina Thomas, died only months after Billy, whose real name was Anthony Caliguire. (The Wonder Dancers: Woods & Bray; Vindicator 8-11-1991, 7-10-1977; Austintown Leader 2-1-1984; http://www.workersforjesus.com/dfi/964.htm )

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Woods, Rose Mary December 26, 1917 – January 22, 2005
Nixon's Secretary (Born Sebring, OH)
Ms. Woods worked as a secretary for Royal China in Sebring before becoming a secretary on Capital Hill. Newly elected senator Richard Nixon made her his personal secretary in 1950 and she continued in that position through his presidency. While transcribing the subpoenaed White House tapes during the investigation of the Watergate break-in, she said she accidentally erased four or five minutes, denying that she had erased the entire missing 18 ½ minutes. The erased conversation was between President Nixon and his chief of staff, H.R. Haldeman, and may have revealed whether Nixon knew about the break-in. Though the Watergate court questioned her for three days, the prosecutors could not disprove her story and she was not charged with obstruction of justice. She was so close to the family that Nixon asked her to tell his wife and daughters that he was resigning. She worked for Nixon in California after his resignation before moving to Alliance, OH in 1976. (Washington Post 1-24-05, New York Times 1-24-05)

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Zordich, Mike October 12, 1963–
Football Player (Born Youngstown, OH)
Mr. Zordich attended Chaney High School and Pennsylvania State University (1982-1986). During his senior year of college, he was named All-American and Penn State's Player of the Year. He played for the New York Jets (1987-1988), the Phoenix Cardinals (1989-1993), and the Philadelphia Eagles (1994-1999). His wife, Cynthia, conceived the idea of a book about what happens to players when their professional careers are over. Her photographs are part of the finished project, When the Clock Runs Out, by Bill Lyon. (Total Football II, Vindicator 2-2-82, 2-3-87)

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